"This USDA website will not be updated during a lapse in federal funding. Content on this website will not be current or maintained until funding issues have been resolved. However, if there is information that affects security, life, and property, this website will continue to update that information during a funding lapse."

Skip to content. | Skip to navigation

You are here: Home Resources Links Reducing Urban Heat I...

Reducing Urban Heat Islands: Compendium of Strategies

Urban areas are usually warmer than their rural surroundings, a phenomenon known as the “heat island effect.”

Reducing Urban Heat Islands: Compendium of Strategies (October 2008) describes the causes and impacts of summertime urban heat islands and promotes strategies for lowering temperatures in U.S. communities. It provides an overview of heat islands, how they form, and their impacts, and describes key urban heat island reduction strategies in depth. It also describes voluntary and policy efforts undertaken by state and local governments to mitigate urban heat islands.


  • Urban Heat Island Basics
  • Trees and Vegetation
  • Green Roofs
  • Cool Roofs
  • Cool Pavements
  • Heat Island Reduction Activities
US Environmental Protection Agency

Reducing Urban Heat Islands: Compendium of Strategies

Heat Island
Document Actions
Personal tools