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A complete list of all published and pending content at UFSe.

This list includes the following content types:

  • Citations
  • Technology Transfer Resources


Dark Green indicates a "pending" entry that is awaiting "publication"

Blue indicates a "published" entry

9 Things You Should Know About Caring For Trees (poster)
Diagrams on 9 topics relating to tree care.
9 Things You Should Know About Trees
"9 suggestions for properly planting and caring for trees."
10 Guiding Principles for Successful Ordinances
Outlines criteria for developing tree ordinances.
16 Less Common Trees for Utah Landscape: Diversifying Utah's Community Forests
21st century urban forestry technology - the future of our industry
2001 National Urban Forest Conference proceedings: OMNI Shoreham Hotel, September 5-8, 2001, Washington, D.C
2014-2015 Atlanta i-Tree Eco Project Results
This i-Tree Eco report outlines the environmental benefits of the City of Atlanta, GA urban forest from data collected on 443 plots in 2014 and 2015.
A benefit-cost analysis of ten street tree species in Modesto, California, U.S
A child's view of the urban forest
A common sense approach to street tree inventories
Discusses the forestry program in Cincinnati, Ohio.
A comparison between TCM and CVM in assessing the recreational use value of urban forestry
A Comparison of Housing Growth Hotspots in the Midwestern and Northeastern U.S from 1940-2000
A Comparison of Landscape Mulches: Chemical, Allelopathic, and Decomposition Properties
A comparison of municipal forest benefits and costs in Modesto and Santa Monica, California, USA
A comparison of the growth response and physiology of two amenity tree species subjected to water stress
A Compilation of Urban Tree Studies
A composite sampling technique to assess urban soils under roadside trees
A critical look at the potential for foundation damage caused by tree roots
A decade of urban forestry in Europe
A discrete event simulation of a municipal street tree maintenance operation
A Field Guide to Terrestrial Invasive Plants in Wisconsin
Photographic field guide providing basic information on the major terrestrial invasive plants in Wisconsin
A First Look at Tree Decay – An Introduction to How Injury and Decay Affect Trees
This factsheet provides a brief description of types of tree damage and the compartmentalization that follows.
A gradient analysis of urban landscape pattern: a case study from the Phoenix metropolitan region, Arizona, USA
A greenway classification system: defining the function and character of greenways in urban areas
A Guide for UFS Users (Introduction and Joining)
A Guide to Assessing Urban Forests
Urban forests provide numerous ecosystem services. To quantify these services and guide management to sustain these services for future generations, the structure or composition of the forest must be assessed.
A Guide to Buckthorn Busting
A Guide to Deciduous Tree Knowledge
Provides basic descriptions of tree species common to the North Dakota region.
A Guide to Major Insects, Diseases, Air Pollution Injury, and Chemical Injury of Sycamore
A Guide to Preserving Trees in Development Projects
Booklet describing why and how to preserve trees in development projects
A Guide to Starting and Developing Community Forestry Programs with Specific Reference to Shade Tree Committees
A guide describing how to plan, enact, and evaluate a community's shade tree committee.
A Guide to Street Tree Inventory Software
Reference guide for urban forestry professionals in the selection of a street tree inventory software program
A Guide to the New ADA-ABA Accessibility Guidelines (Summary)
A Guide to the Trees of Utah and the Intermountain West
A Guide to UFS: Position Announcements
A Handbook for Tree Board Members
A Hedonic Analysis of the Impact of Tree Shade
Estimates of energy saving generated by shade trees in suburban areas.
A hedonic valuation of urban green areas
A Homeowner’s Guide for Coastal Landscapes
A Literature review of nitrogen availability indices for use in urban landscapes
A Look at Community Capacity to Conserve Open Space in the Twin Cities Area
This report is based on results of a questionnaire that examined local government capacity to conserve parks and natural areas in the 11-county Twin Cities (Minnesota) metro area.
A method for predicting the possible site of failure in trees during mechanical loading
In order to determine if it is possible to predict the site and mode of failure under mechanical loading, different tree species were subjected to bending tests. Four species were examined: European beech, English oak, Douglas fir and Norway spruce.
A Method to Estimate City Street Tree Population Using Gis to Determine Optimum Sample Size
A methodology for assessing and managing biodiversity in street tree populations: a case study
A methodology to select the best locations for new urban forests using multicriteria analysis
A mixture of urban tree species best for removing atmospheric ozone
Researchers tested the seasonal and annual removal of ozone by three types of trees; evergreen broadleaf, deciduous broadleaf, and conifer. These results demonstrate that tree types play complementary roles in stabilizing ozone removal over time and across different environmental conditions.
A Model of Urban Forest Sustainability
A Model of Urban Forest Sustainability: Application to Cities in the United States
Results of a survey of the application of the urban forest sustainability model.
A modeling study of the impact of urban trees on ozone
A modern city management tool is ready for urban forest data: regional and local urban ecological analysis
A monitoring tool for the provision of accessible and attractive urban green spaces
A national assessment of green infrastructure and change for the conterminous United States using morphological image processing
A national analysis of land-cover using morphological spatial pattern analysis (MSPA) to determine hubs and links as potential green infrastructure.
A national assessment of the urban forest: an overview
A new era in urban forestry
A new failure criterion for non decayed solitary trees
A New Hampshire Plant Palette
This factsheet contains information on over 25 underutilized and underappreciated trees, shrubs, and vines that work well as urban landscape plants.
A novel method for analyzing forest fragmentation in urbanizing communities
A Plan to Integrate Management of Urban Trees into Air Quality Planning
A Planner's Tool Kit
A planning strategy to augment the diversity and biomass of roadside trees in urban Hong Kong
A Practical Approach to Assessing Structure, Function, and Value of Street Tree Populations in Small Communities
A Practical Approach to Assessing Structure, Function, and Value of Street Tree Populations in Small Communities (Thesis)
A practical approach to urban forestry
A Protective Role for Avian Diversity in the United States West Nile Virus Epidemic
A report on Annapolis' present and potential Urban Tree Canopy
A review of preventative and loosening measures to alleviate soil compaction in tree planting areas
A review of shade tree nitrogen fertilization research in the United States
A review of the Black Country Urban Forest Millennium Programme, 1995-2001
A review of tree root conflicts with sidewalks, curbs, and roads
A Short History of Urban Forestry in Europe
A software for the evaluation of the wind stability of trees: CILVA
A strategy for urban forestry in Middlesbrough
A strategy to establish trees among high-density housing
A Street Tree Inventory for Massachusetts Using a Geographic Information System
A study of Bangalore urban forest
A study of CTLA formula values
A study of the potential for developing a biomass fuel supply from tree management operations in London
A summary and forecast of demand for municipal street tree service on Staten Island, New York
A survey of insect pests and their natural enemies in urban ecosystems
A survey of recreation interests in urban forests, the influence of travel distance
A survey of urban forestry in the Republic of Ireland
A survey to determine the leaf nitrogen concentrations of 25 landscape tree species
A Systematic Approach to Building With Trees
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 20
A systems approach to tree care
A Teachers' Guide to Arbor Month: Activities on Trees and the Natural World for Grades K-8
A Technical Guide for Developing Urban Forestry Strategic Plans and Urban Forestry Management Plans
A Technical Guide to Community and Urban Forestry in Washington, Oregon, and California
A Threat to Our Water: Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (webcast)
This webcast introduces the issue of how the use and improper disposal of medications and personal care products by the public is presenting a serious threat to the quality and safety of public water supplies across the country.
A Tool for assessing urban forest structure, functions, and benefits
A Tree: Defining Concepts In Use
A unique technique for street tree planting in Beijing
A Utility puts trees to work: planting our future
A watershed approach to urban forest resource management: rivers, greenways and people
A watershed conservation strategy for an urban national forest
A Waterwise Guide to Rainwater Harvesting
Captured rainwater can be diverted directly to areas of vegetation or stored for use between rainfall events.
A Waterwise Guide to Trees
This pamphlet describes the benefits of drought tolerant trees and the irrigation methods that can be used to preserve water in New Mexico.
About the influence of alleyway trees on conditions of meteorological exchange in streets
Above and Beyond: Visualizing change in small towns and rural areas
Accelerating Stump Decay Processes
Acceptability to strategies for reduction of infrastructure damage by tree roots
Accessibility Guidebook for Outdoor Recreation and Trails
Adapting forestry to urban demands - role of communication in urban forestry in Europe
Adjustment of a rural boundary layer to a heated urban canopy
Adopt-A-Tree: what to do with $6 million in tree money
Advanced technology for the urban forester
Advances in managing insect pests of urban trees
Advancing Your Mission with Support from Your Urban & Community Forest Councils (Webcast)
Urban Forest Councils are collaborative organizations comprised of individuals, citizen groups, nonprofits, businesses, and agencies from around a state that share an interest in urban and community forestry.
Advantages of the low profile container
Affordable Housing and Trees (Webcast)
Affordable housing is about building homes that are accessible to employment and educational opportunities, and that people of limited means can afford to own, operate, and maintain over the long-term, creating stable, strong communities. Part of that equation is ensuring that homes are efficient- designed and built in a sustainable way to minimize their environmental impact and to reduce utility costs- and healthy- environments that improve air quality, have access to recreational opportunities, and are safe.
Afforestation in and near urban areas
Aggression and violence in the inner city: effects of environment via mental fatigue
Agricultural Viability at the Urban Fringe
Agriculture and Territorial Changes in Peri-Urban Zones in Central Mexico
AHS Heat Zone Map
Airborne Videography and GPS for Assessment of Forest Damage in Southern Louisiana from Hurricane Andrew
All About Minnesota's Forests and Trees: A Primer
All About Pruning
All You Need to Know About Community Gravel Beds
Guide developed by University of Minnesota showing how to construct and maintain a gravel bed (including costs) for growing bare-root trees.
Allelopathy In Trees
Allelopathy In Trees And Forests: A Selected Bibliography
Alternative future scenarios for open space protection in Kane County, Illinois
Discusses costs associated with acquisition, restoration, and long-term maintenance of conservation lands in Kane County, Illinois (US) under 18 future scenarios.
Alternative Wastewater Treatment Systems: Systems, Location, and Site Character in Tennessee
Alternatives For Invasive Ornamental Plant Species
This pamphlet gives a list of the five more invasive plants and native Connecticut alternatives.
Amenity Trees: Defining Concepts In Use
American Mistletoe (Phoradendron serotinum var. serotinum) Infection In Trees
Monograph on the tree pest American mistletoe (Phoradendron serotinum var. serotinum).
American Standard for Nursery Stock
"The purpose of the American Standard for Nursery Stock is to provide buyers and sellers of nursery stock with a common terminology in order to facilitate transactions involving nursery stock.
An Analysis of green space management strategies in Metro Manila
An approach for using soil surveys to guide the placement of water quality buffers
Riparian forest buffers may function better in some locations than in others for filtering pollutants out of agricultural runoff water. A simple method was developed for using information contained in soil surveys to identify better locations for filtering sediment and dissolved pollutants from surface and groundwater flow. The method provides an estimate of how well a buffer would work in each soil map unit. The mapped results can guide managers to locations where protection and installation of buffers would yield greater water quality benefits.
An ecological analysis of Tampa's urban forest
An ecosystem approach to metropolitan forest resource management
An ecosystem approach to the management of the urban and community forest
An evaluation of different methods to investigate root system architecture of urban trees in situ: 1. Ground-penetrating radar
An evaluation of the management options available for the regeneration of neglected avenues
An Evaluation of Treeshelter Effects on Plant Survival and Growth in a Mediterranean Climate
An Experimental Analysis of the Impact of Tree Shade
This paper presents the results of a controlled experimentconducted in Alabama to quantify the impact of tree shade on electricity consumption devoted exclusively to cooling a structure.
An exploratory study of preferred tree form
An Illustrated Guide to Pruning
An Initial Storm Damage Assessment Protocol for Urban and Community Forests
An innovative partnership for regreening Providence, Rhode Island
An integration concept for visitor monitoring in a heavily used conservation area in the vicinity of a large city: the Danube Floodplains National Park, Vienna
An Introduction to Green Infrastructure (PDF)
An introduction to the concept of green infrastructure.
An Introduction to Plant Pathology and Plant Disease Management
Introduction to plant pathogen diagnosis, disease life cycles, and control options.
An Introductory Guide to Urban and Community Forestry Programs
An investigation to assess the impact of street infrastructure improvements on the roots of adjacent cork oak trees
An Ophiostoma species and Xyleborus glabratus Threaten Red Bay (Persea borbonia) and Other Members of the Lauraceae in the Southeastern USA
"Extensive mortality of red bay (Persea borbonia (L.) Spreng) has been observed in maritime forests of the southeastern United States since 2003. Trees exhibit wilt-like symptoms and a black discoloration of the sapwood.
An Urban and Community Forestry Research and Education Agenda for Oregon
An urban forest management plan for accomodating growth
An Urban Forest Under Attack: Asian Longhorned Beetle in Worcester, Massachusetts (webcast)
This webcast features Ken Gooch, MA Dept. of Conservation and Recreation and Clint McFarland, USDA APHIS.
An Urban Tree Canopy QAQC Process
Urban tree canopy (UTC) classification workflow for a QA/QC review.
Analysis of atmospheric particles deposited onto mesquite leaves in the central Arizona - Phoenix LTER area
Analysis of urban forest landscape pattern in Hefei
Analyzing Tree Cover in South Carolina's Rapidly Urbanizing I-85 Corridor
Anatomy and histo-chemistry of response of living tissues in wounded trees
Anatomy and morphology of select red maple cultivars
Anchorage TREErific
Answers to...What Shall I Plant?
Anthracnose Diseases of Shade Trees
Aplicación de los sistemas de información geográfica en el manejo del arbolado urbano
Application of GIS in the management of urban trees
APN1, BS5837 & PPG3 guidance for trees: conflict or complement?
Apple Maggot
This webpage discusses the how the Rhagoletis pomonella attacks many hosts and how one can defend against them.
Apple Rust Disease
This publication describes the symptoms and disease cycle of rusts that affect apple and crab apple trees.
Apple Scab
This publication describes the symptoms and disease cycle of Venturia inaequalis which affects apple and crab apple trees.
Application of a geographic information system (GIS) for inventory and analysis of forest land resources in the urban-rural interface
Applying modern urban forestry technology in the northern Front Range of Colorado
Applying urban forestry in small communities
Appointment, Powers, and Duties of Connecticut’s Tree Wardens
This webpage bullet points the many roles a tree warden plays in his jurisdiction.
Arbor Day 2006: Southeast States
Arbor Day: The Holiday that Makes a Difference
18-minute video (VHS tape) about Arbor Day
Arborday.org Tree Guide
Online database for tree selection and characteristics.
Arboricultural education and qualification opportunities
Arboriculture & the Law
Arboriculture and the Law
Arboriculture and the law: A Canadian case study
Arboriculture Integrated Management Of Landscape Trees, Shrubs, And Vines
Arborists should have a central role in educating the public about veteran trees
Arborists' Certification Study Guide
Are urban green spaces optimally distributed to act as places for social integration?
Ash Replacements for Urban and Woodland Plantings
82-page booklet describes trees that are suitable replacements for ash
Ash Yellows Occurrence and Association with Slow Growth of Green Ash in Iowa and Wisconsin Cities
Asian Gypsy Moth
A brief description of the Asian gypsy moth, its impact, and control efforts.
Asiatic Bittersweet, Oriental Bittersweet Celastrus orbiculatus Staff Tree Family (Celastraceae)
This information sheet describes the methods necessary to remove this invasive plant in Connecticut.
Aspects of the damage to asphalt road pavings caused by tree roots
Assessing canopy cover over streets and sidewalks in street tree populations
Assessing carbon sequestration of urban tree species in response to elevated atmospheric CO2: An overview of the past and present research
Assessing Construction Damage: Tree Damage Exposure Values And Recovery Times
Assessing Damage and Restoring Trees After a Hurricane
Assessing Extent And Severity Of Mechanical Injuries In Trees
Assessing Invasive Exotic Plants in Urban Forests (webinar)
This 40-minute webinar describes the association between the occurrence of invasive exotic plants and the characteristics of urban forests.
Assessing Pruning Wound Damage
Assessing residents' willingness to pay to preserve the community urban forest: A small-city case study
The objective of this study was to gather information on residents' knowledge and perceptions of urban trees and forests as well as examining how selected socioeconomic variables relate to residents' willingness to support urban forestry programs. Ultimately, this study provides recommendations for developing and implementing sustainable tree care programs for the protection and preservation of urban forests.
Assessing Salem's tree canopy: planning for the future
Assessing the effects of urban trees on air quality in Houston, TX
Assessing the feasibility of collaborative utility-municipal tree removal and replanting
Assessing the Impact of NUCFAC-recommended US Forest Service Urban and Community Forestry Grants (2010-2015) - White Paper
Twenty-six grants, awarded during years 2010-2015, were assessed for a number of impact indicators.
Assessing the Impact of Urban and Community Forestry Federal Grants - Summary
To demonstrate the value of NUCFAC- recommended grants, the USFS supported an assessment of twenty-six grants, awarded during the years 2010-2015. The following summary report includes results from this assessment.
Assessing the Impact of Urban and Community Forestry Federal Grants - Final Report
A report on funding that advances research and projects focused on improving the efficiency and quality of urban and community forests is economically, socially, and environmentally imperative.
Assessing the structural hetergeneity of urban areas: an example from the Black Country (UK)
Assessing the value of urban forests in the United States
Assessing Various Community Tree and Forest Values With Inventories
Assessment and comparison of most common diagnostic tools in lime wood-decay
Assessment of the USDA Forest Service Urban & Community Forestry Program
Association of Xyleborus glabratus and an Ophiostoma sp. with mortality of red bay (Persea borbonia) in Georgia and South Carolina
"Red bay (Persea borbonia (L.) Spreng) is an aromatic, evergreen tree or shrub that is common in forests in the Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plains of the southeastern United States. Trees can attain heights as great as 21 m and diameters as great as 90 cm, although tree size and growth habitat varies greatly over its range. The species is important for wildlife in southern forests, and the tree is also used as an ornamental.
At home with nature: effects of "greenness" on childrens cognitive functioning
Attitudes and experiences of women and minorities in the urban forestry/arboriculture profession
Autumn Color Expression For Selected Trees (SE-US) (Revised)
List of trees and their dominant fall colors.
Autumn Forest and Landscape Color
Autumn Leaf Colors (revised)
Formation process and expression of fall leaf color in trees.
Autumn Olive - Eleagnus umbellata Oleaster Family (Eleagnaceae)
This information sheet describes the methods necessary to remove this invasive plant in Connecticut.
Avian spatial segregation at edges and interiors of urban parks in Madrid, Spain
Azadirachtin: An Effective Systemic Insecticide for Control of Agrilus planipennis
Research to determine the efficacy of azadirachtin (TreeAzin), to control emerald ash borer.
Backyard Conservation: One Yard At A Time (VHS tape)
"A nine-minute look at easy and fun ways to enjoy your yard more and do your part to improve the environment."
Backyard Woods: Bring Your Vision to Life
44-page guide and set of tip sheets helps landowners with 1-10 acres plan and manage their woodlot
Bacteria found on American chestnut bark and their potential in biocontrol of chestnut blight
Bacterial Leaf Scorch: An Update (webcast)
Dr. Gould’s presentation included an update on host range, vector relationships, disease detection, and management of this threat to urban forests.
Bacterial Wetwood & Slime Flux
Basic description of what is known of the disease cycle of bacterial wetwood and slime flux, symptoms, and control options.
Balancing Act: Urban Trees and the Carbon Cycle
Baobab: the perfect tree for Virgin Islands landscape
Basic Ecological Renovation Problems And Activities
Basic HTML Code for UFSe Text Boxes
Basic Tree Care for Wyoming
A factsheet discussing basic aspects of tree care and maintenance.
Basic Water Properties: Attributes and Reactions Essential for Tree Life
Be Alert to Sick and Dying Trees
30 second Public Service Announcement describes signs and symptoms that may indicate an invasive tree killing pest
Behind the Bug: Emerald Ash Borer
Three minute Public Service Announcement on the spread of the emerald ash borer.
Beneficial insects in integrated pest management on urban trees. Examples in northern Italy
Benefit-Based Audience Segmentation: A Tool for Identifying Nonindustrial Private Forest (NIPF) Owner Education Needs
Benefit-Cost Analysis of Modesto's Municipal Urban Forest
Benefits from street tree inventories, management plans, and computerized management information systems
Benefits of Urban Trees (1 Up)
Urban and Community Forestry: Improving Our Quality Of Life
Benefits of Urban Trees (Booklet)
Urban and Community Forestry: Improving Our Quality Of Life
Best Fall Colors In Trees
Best Management Practices for Community Trees
Best Management Practices Tree Pruning
Best Management Practices: Tree and Shrub Fertilization
Best Management Practices: Tree Lightning Protection Systems
Best Management Practices: Tree Support Systems: Cabling, Bracing, and Guying
Big trees in the city: a perfect fit
Biodiversity concepts and urban ecosystems
Biological control of armillaria root rot
Biology and management of the horned oak gall wasp on pin oak
Biomechanics of trees and wood for hazardous tree assessment
Birch Leafminer and Its Control
This factsheet describes the life cycle and control of birch leafminer and its effects on its hosts.
Birdlife, an associate of trees in residential St. Croix
Black Knot of Plum and Cherry
This fact sheet contains the effects of black knot, a common disease of Prunus spp. in Maine.
Blowing in the Wind: Storm-Resisting Features of the Design of Trees
Blurring the Boundaries: The Urban-Rural Interface and the Need for Cultural Change in Ecology, Planning, and Management
Bonnie Appleton Memorial Fund
Join MAC-ISA and Trees Virginia in a lasting tribute to Dr. Bonnie Appleton’s contributions to horticulture and arboriculture education and research. The Bonnie Appleton Memorial Fund was recently established at the TREE Fund to honor Dr. Appleton’s passion and advocacy for horticulture and arboriculture education and research.
Brace rods for codominant stems: installation location and breaking strength
Branch junction characteristics affect hydraulic segmentation in red maple
Branch morphology impacts compartmentalization of pruning wounds
Branching out through creative enterprise: the Trees New York experience
Bridge Grafting and Inarching Damaged Trees
This informational sheet contains procedures on grafting and inarching girdled trunks and collars.
Bridging the gap between urban and rural forestry
Bring Home the Natives - More than just pretty plants
Four publications on native plants in Pennsylvania condusive to sunny/moist areas, sunny/dry, shady/moist, and shady/dry.
British urban forestry in transition - developments between 1993-1998, Part II
Brown Makes Green: Soil and Trees
Brownfields remediation through urban tree planting
Buckthorn (Connecticut)
This information sheet describes the methods necessary to remove this invasive plant in Connecticut.
Buckthorn Bust Neighborhood Guide
Binder of materials to help organize buckthorn removal projects on public and private land
Bug Harmony
One minute Public Service Announcement on the spread of invasive species.
Bugnet - Don't Move Firewood
One and a half minute Public Service Announcement on the invasive species that are transported when firewood is moved.
Building Effective Partnerships for City Trees (Handbook)
Handbook for effective community partnerships.
Building Greener Neighborhoods: A citizen's guide to community open space planning
Building with Nature (VHS tape and booklet)
This video and accompanying booklet show how proper planning will ensure longevity of landscape and homes.
Bush Honeysuckles (Connecticut)
This information sheet describes the methods necessary to remove this invasive plant in Connecticut.
Business District Streetscapes, Trees, and Consumer Response
Calculating Stormwater Volume and Total Suspended Solids Reduction under Urban Tree Canopy in Wisconsin Using Available Research
This article describes a simple method for calculating rainfall volume reduction by tree canopy cover over a parking lot.
California tree ordinances are tough love for property owners
[Publisher name has changed to Tree Care Industry Association]
California Trees, A quarterly publication of California ReLeaf, a program of the National Tree Trust
Empowering grassroots efforts and building strategic partnerships that preserve, protect, and enhance California's urban and community forests.
California Urban Woody Green Waste Utilization
Callery Pear Cultivar Review
Can small, rural communities practice urban forestry?
Can trees survive people?
Canopy Campaigns and Public Tree Goals- Part I: Goal Setting (Webcast)
Tips for managing tree planting campaigns and canopy goals
Canyon Frags and the City: The Nature of Nature in San Diego
Capture of Particulate Pollution by Trees: A Comparison of Species Typical of Semi-Arid Areas (Ficus nitida and Eucalyptus globulus) with European and North American Species
Carbon Credit Program Forestry Offsets from Tree Plantings & Reforestation
Forestry Contract, Forestry Offset Enrollment Worksheet. CCX Forestry Offset Table. This is the "Forestry Offset Pool Contract" between the North Dakota Farmers Union and the Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX) for 2003-2010.
Carbon dioxide reduction through urban forestry: Guidelines for professional and volunteer tree planters
Carbon sequestration by Quercus ilex L. and Quercus pubescens Willd. and their contribution to decreasing air temperature in Rome
Carbon Sequestration in Urban Forests: Approaches and Values
Carbon Sequestration...What's That?
Basic description of carbon sequestration and attempts to decrease atmospheric carbon dioxide through carbon trading.
Carbon storage by urban tree cultivars, in roots and above-ground
Care of Newly Planted Trees
4-page fact sheet that discusses how to care for young trees
Care of the Mature Backyard Apple Tree
This factsheet provides information on pruning, fertilization, and pest control for a healthy apple tree.
Catastrophic Storms and Urban Forests
A NUCFAC report to The Secretary of Agriculture following Hurricane Katrina and other 2005 storms.
Causes of Soil Compaction
CD Pictures (WAUF-99-001)
Photographs representing the differences in benefits for retailers with streetscape trees or retailers with no urban vegetation.
Celebrate Arbor Day Guidebook
An introduction to Arbor Day, the foundation, and its goals and other general tree information to promote Arbor Day.
Centers for Urban and Interface Forestry (CUIF) Newsletter
Challenges to urban forestry in Trinidad: a forestry perspective
Changes in Tree Phenology: An Indicator of Spring Warming in Ireland?
Research illustrating the use of phenological data collected through the InternationalPhenological Gardens (IPG) network to support climate change studies.
Changing climate and the effects on vegetation in central European cities
Changing patterns in the urbanized countryside of Western Europe
Characteristics and location of the wildland-urban interface in the United States
The Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) is "the area where structures and other human developments meet or intermingle with undeveloped wildland," or in more general terms, where houses or commercial development and fairly dense vegetation are both present. Interface neighborhoods are found all across the United States and include many of the sprawling areas that grew during the 1990s when low density housing spread across the landscape.
Characteristics of trees according to community population level and by land use in the U.S. Midwest
Chatham County Emergency Operations Plan
Check-List for Healthy Trees: Maintenance Schedule
This checklist outlines the tasks a certified arborist should accomplish after a tree has been planted.
Check-List for Tree / Turf Management In Landscapes
Chemical Use Reductions in Urban Fringe Agriculture
Cheyenne Urban Forestry: Tree Selection and Planting and Retention and Protection Specifications
The City of Cheyenne, Wyoming's specifications regarding tree selection, planting, retention, and protection.
Chicago Wilderness, An Atlas of Biodiversity
Chicago: "City of Big Shoulders"
A documentary about the restoration and growth of the city of Chicago.
Children living in areas with more street trees have lower prevalence of asthma
An increase of tree density (343 trees/km^2) was associated with a lower incidence of asthma.
Chinese Privet Control Project
Chlorine Gas Exposure & Trees
Chlorosis (Yellowing) of Shade Tree Leaves
Choosing the Right Apple Rootstock
This factsheet lists many dwarfing rootstock that will do well in a backyard.
CIT: Cities as Environments
CIT: Crabapple Cultivars Tested As Street Trees: Second Report
CIT: Dynamic Loading of Trees
CIT: Tree Wardens and Utility Arborists: A Management Team Working for Street Trees in Massachusetts
City of Arlington Urban Forest Resource Analysis 2009
An assessment of the vegetative structure, function, and value of the Arlington urban forest was conducted during 2009 based on satellite imagery, field data, and computer modeling using i-Tree Eco.
City of Bismarck, North Dakota Street Tree Resource Analysis
Summary of the Center for Urban Forest Research's study analyzing if the benefits derived from the street tree population in Bismarck, North Dakota validates the Bismarck Forestry Department annual budget expenditure.
City of Charleston, South Carolina Municipal Forest Resource Analysis
City of Charlotte, North Carolina - Municipal Forest Resource Analysis
This analysis combines results of a citywide inventory with benefit–cost modeling data to produce four types of information on the tree resource, namely, forest structure, function, value, and management needs.
City of Charlotte, North Carolina Municipal Forest Resource Analysis
City of Coral Springs Landscape Manual
City of Elk Grove Urban Forest Canopy Assessment
City of Eugene Urban Forest Management Plan
City of Olympia's Utility-Friendly Trees
This pamphlet describes how to avoid conflict with overhead utility lines when planting trees.
City of Pineville Urban Forestry Survey
This report outlines the opinions of Pineville, LA residents regarding the importance of trees in their city.
City of Sacramento: Parking lot tree shading design and maintenance guidelines
This document provides standards and guidance for the planting, maintenance, protection, removal and replacement of trees planted pursuant to the parking lot tree shading regulations as defined in the City Code.
City Trees - Sustainabillity Guidelines & Best Practices
The City Trees Sustainability Guidelines and Best Practices were developed to support the new and innovative project, Hawthorne Eco Village, in the City of Minneapolis. The goal is to create a sustainable green neighborhood.
Classic References For Georgia Pines (Pinus)
Classification of American Cities by Ecoregion
Climate Protection Strategies and Best Practices Guide
A report on U.S. cities’ efforts to conserve energy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Coastal Plain Community Tree Guide: Benefits, Costs, and Strategic Planting
"This report quantifies benefits and costs for representative large, medium, and small broadleaf trees and coniferous trees in the Coastal Plain region: the species chosen as representative are the Southern live oak (Quercus virginiana), Southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora), flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), and loblolly pine (Pinus taeda), respectively.
Combined Glossary of Disaster Terms (FEMA)
Common Trees of Alaska
Communicate with Power 2000 Gold Box Communications Tools for a Changing World
Communication tools for the wildland-urban interface
Community Advisor - Firewise
Community Forest Storm Mitigation Planning for Georgia Communities
Workbook and template to guide community planning and preparation for urban tree mitigation prior to natural disasters
Community Forestry Certificate Program
Community Forestry Council
Brief description of Nebraska's Community Forestry Council including member contact information.
Community Green Scenes: Designing Projects with an Ecosystem Perspective
Community Guide: Urban & Community Forestry Inventories
This booklet describes the steps to completing a tree inventory.
Community Image: Roadside Settings and Public Perceptions
Community Leaders' Perceptions of Urban Forests in Hillsborough County, Florida
This fact sheet compares the results from a needs assessment in Hillsborough County to a national urban tree survey and shares some initial insights into community perceptions and beliefs regarding urban trees in one county along Florida's Gulf Coast.
Community tree nurseries as community resources
Community Tree Program: Organizational and Procedural Guide to Community Tree Management
Community tree programs in Illinois, U.S.: a statewide survey and assessment
Community Tree Risk Management: Program Planning and Design
Community Trees: A Living Investment (DVD)
This DVD contains three videos of varying length that describe the benefits of trees in our communities
Community Urban Wood Utilization Planning Worksheet
6-page worksheet that poses questions necessary to answer during the process of developing an urban wood utilization plan
Compaction Tolerant Trees
Comparing formula methods of tree appraisal
Comparison of carbon storage, carbon sequestration, and air pollution removal by protected and maintained urban forests in Alabama, USA
Ecosystem services report from the i-Tree Eco tree inventory on the Auburn University Campus.
Comparison of Urban Forest Inventory & Management Software Systems
This extension publication examines many of the tree inventory software systems available as of 2009.
Compensatory value of urban trees in the United States
Components of a Backyard Wildlife Habitat
Wildlife needs certain attributes to survive. This fact sheet introduces 16 components.
Concept Paper: Utilizing Woody Debris from Hurricane Katrina
Condition report for urban trees
Conifers for Cheyenne
Suggested conifers for Cheyenne, Wyoming's landscape.
Conifers for Utah
Conifers of the Temperate Rain Forests of Alaska
Connecticut Native Tree and Shrub Availability List
This is a detailed list of trees and shrubs and the nurseries that carry these native plants.
Connecting Kids to Nature - Building our Future Through Conservation Education - Program Highlights
This publication contains information on conservation education for children including awareness, information, knowledge, skills, actions, stewardship and leadership.
Connecting people with ecosystems in the 21st century: an assessment of our nation's urban forests
Conservation and management of forest patches and corridors in suburban landscapes (Journal)
Conservation and management of forest patches and corridors in suburban landscapes (Conference)
Conservation Design Resource Manual: Language and Guidelines for Updating Local Ordinances
Conservation Development: Costs and Savings
Conservation Finance Handbook
Conservation stormwater management: restoring function and beauty to urban streams
Conservation Subdivision Design
Conservation Trees
Booklet with information on trees for conservation related to erosion, energy, wildlife, farming, water quality and more.
Conserving and Planting Trees at Development Sites
Conserving Wooded Areas in Developing Communities
Construction Damage Assessments: Trees and Sites
Construction Injury to Trees
This is a short publication on how to protect trees in New Mexico from construction damage.
Construction Site Storm Water Runoff Control: Preserving Natural Vegetation
Construction Site Storm Water Runoff Control: Vegetated Buffer
Control of Iron Chlorosis in Ornamental and Crop Plants
Control of Shoot / Root Balance in Trees
Controlling Invasive Exotics: A Tallow Tree Replacement Program Campaign in Florida
Cool Houston! A Plan for Cooling the Region
"Houston is a hot place to be in the summer, but as the region grows, we’ve added another 6º to 8º on top. This phenomenon, known as the urban heat island effect, is caused by the use of dark roofing materials and dark pavements along with the extensive removal of trees and vegetation.
Cool Trees: Surviving Cold Temperatures
Cooling the Urban Forest
A creative film directed towards younger children that describes the benefits of trees and their ability to decrease electric bills.
Coping with Poverty - Findings and Recommentdations
Brief summary of the NUCFAC study with a list of publications about this work by Kuo and Sullivan's research team.
Correlates of Urban Forest Canopy Cover: Implications for Local Public Works
Cortical canker resistant cypress adapted to urban landscape
Costs due to conflicts between street tree root growth and hardscape
Cottonwoods...Choosing and Important Facts
A list of cottonwoods adapted to the Wyoming environment and a few facts about them.
Cottony Psyllid
Brief description of cottony psyllid, its host tree species, resulting damage, and control options.
Count on kids: involving youth in urban forestry
Courses for European urban foresters within the Urban Woods for People Project
Crapemyrtle (Lagerstroemia spp.): Cultivar Characteristics
Creating an i-Tree Eco Project: Step by Step
This presentation walks you through the process of developing an i-Tree Eco project. This presentation can be used as a checklist for those wanting to create their own i-Tree Eco project.
Creating an Urban Oasis
This film depicts actions taken by Missouri communities to ensure the longevity and biodiversity of trees in the urban landscape.
Creating Collections at Urban Forestry South Expo
Creating Landscapes for Wildlife: A Guide for Backyards in Utah
Creating the Urban Forest: The Bare Root Method
Critical Force for Buckling Tree Stems
Critical Forest Land
Crown encroachment on southern live oaks in suburban settings: tree status and homeowner concerns
Crown Pruning Effects on Roots
Crown Shape Factors & Volumes
Crown-Condition Classification: A Guide to Data Collection and Analysis
The FIA health indicator, crown-condition classification, is designed to estimate tree crown dimensions and assess the impact of crown stressors.
Cultural Aspects of Trees: Traditions and Myths
Current Resources for Urban Tree Canopy Accuracy Assessment
Lists most recent accuracy assessment discussions.
Cyclical visitor-behavior patterns of urban forest recreation environments and their determinants: a statistical view
Dale una Mano a los Bosques
Nivel Educativo: Grados 3 - 8 "Dale una Mano a los Bosques es un programa de apredizaje-servicio que involucra a grupos de juvenes en exploraciones y proyectos de accion centrados en arboles y bosques. El cuadernillo es una gu’a de proyectos de 105 paginas para los juvenes. Describe un proceso de ocho pasos que gu’a a los juvenes para la identificacion de un problema, la bosqueda de mas informacion, la priorizacion de actividades, la seleccion de un proyecto, la planificacion, implementacion del proyecto y finalmente la celebracion por el exito logrado.
Dale una Mano a los Bosques: Gu’a para Jefe de Proyecto
Nivel Educativo: Grados 3 - 8"Dale una Mano a los Bosques es un programa de aprendizaje-servicio a la comunidad que involucra a grupos de juvenes en exploraciones y proyectos de accion centrados sobre arboles y bosques. Esta Gu’a provee el transfondo y las recomendaciones para que l’deres adultos y profesores dirijar grupos de juvenes, y los ayuden a identificar, planear, y conducir un proyecto de accion.
Dallas Urban Heat Management Study
A regional climate and health assessment conducted by the Urban Climate Lab of the Georgia Institute of Technology for the Texas Trees Foundation
Data analysis on "cool spot" effect of green canopy in urban areas
Data Model for GIS Database Management and i-Tree Eco (FGDB Schema)
The schema for Georgia Tech's Center of GIS data model that supports i-Tree Eco in a file geodatabase or ArcSDE format.
Data Model for GIS Database Management and i-Tree Eco (Complete Package)
The entire package to implement Georgia Tech's Center for GIS extensible GIS data model to support the 100% inventory of campus trees to the i-Tree Eco protocol.
Data Model for GIS Database Management and i-Tree Eco
Georgia Tech's Center for GIS has developed an extensible GIS data model to support the 100% inventory of campus trees to the i-Tree Eco protocol.
Data Resources to Support Disaster Planning, Response, and Recovery
Local and regional disaster planners and their partners should investigate the spatial datasets created and distributed by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
Data to Advocacy - New Tools to Promote Trees
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 46
Dealing with tree roots and concrete: the Sunnyvale (California) experience
Decay and canker caused by Inonotus rickii spreading on more urban tree species
Decision/Triage Key for Sampling for Phytophthora ramorum
Deep Roots Research (webcast)
Webcast by Gary Johnson from the University of Minnesota regarding the problems associated with deep or buried root systems.
Defining Soil Compaction: Sites & Trees
Defining the Interface: What is it? Where is it?
Defining the Urban/Rural Interface of the South Carolina Piedmont using a GIS-Based Model
Delaware’s Urban and Community Forests
Denuding Communities: Tree Canopy Loss Calculations & Public Perceptions
For many communities, self-image is centered around their trees and green spaces. Communities compromise between greenspace and economic development.
Derby (KS) - Benefits of Trees
Marketing brochure for an urban forest development project.
Design With Nature
Designating a greenbelt around the city of Riga, Latvia
Designing Your Landscape for Maine
This article contains information on how to landscape an urban lot for beauty, functionality and positivity for the environment.
Desirable Street Tree List
A list of broad-leaf shade trees for Western Montana and their advantages and limitations.
Detecting defects in conifers with ground penetrating radar: Applications and challenges
An investigation of the ability of ground penetrating radar to detect decay in conifers.
Detecting the scales at which birds respond to structure in urban landscapes
Detection of decay in trees
Determining Tree-Available Water In Soils of Different Textures
Developing a Utility Line Arboreta
Developing Tree Purchasing and Planting Specifications
Development and Assessment of a Fire Model for Forest Park, Portland, Oregon
Diagnosis of Phytophthora ramorum in Trees
Dialogue on Diversity - Broadening the Voices in Urban and Community Forestry
This is an outreach model developed through a series of meetings for forestry and other natural resource professionals to use in order to reach out to different segments of society.
Dictionary of Plant Names
Differential assimilation of nitrogen dioxide by 70 taxa of roadside trees at an urban pollution level
This research evaluated 70 roadside tree taxa for NO2 (nitrogen dioxide) assimilation.
Disaster Recovery: A Window of Opportunity
Disaster Resources for Urban Foresters
Lists five published resources (including recent NUCFAC projects) that deal with urban tree risk management for disaster preparedness.
Discoloration and decay associated with hardware installation in trees
Discovering the Urban Forest Activity Book
Diseases of Trees and Shrubs Color Diagnostic Guide
Booklet with color photograph examples of diseases common among deciduous and coniferous trees and shrubs of north central United States.
Distribution of Green, White and Black Ash in North America
Map of native ranges of Fraxinus spp. from Silvics Manual.
District of Columbia Stormwater (MS4) Tree Canopy Agreement
The letter of agreement between EPA and the District of Columbia for the use of tree canopy as a BMP for stormwater reduction.
Do I still believe in landscaping for fire prevention?
A retrospective look at the benefits of landscaping for fire prevention, despite the fact that the author's home was burned to the ground during a wild fire.
Does Included Bark Reduce the Strength of Codominant Stems?
Does land use affect our streams?
Does Mulch Improve Plant Survival and Growth in Restoration Sites?
Research stating that the application of mulch in unmanaged urban restoration sites before planting can be more beneficial to long-term plant survival and growth and long-term weed control than herbicide application.
Dogwood Anthracnose
Help protect native flowering dogwood stands.
Dogwood Borer
This fact sheet describes an insect that reduces the vitality of old trees and kills younger ones.
Dogwood Decline
Many factors affect the health of the native flowering dogwood, but proper management can help control these issues.
Don't Be Fuel-ish! How Much Fuel Is Saved When Cars Are Parked in the Shade?
Don't Move Firewood: Backyard
One minute Public Service Announcement on the danger of moving firewood.
Don't Spread Pests
Thirty second Public Service Announcement on the dangers of invasive pests.
Don't Top Trees (New Mexico)
This question and answer article gives some reasons why people may be tempted to top and the dangers caused by topping.
Drought and Trees
How to recognize and avoid drought stress on trees
Drought Damage To Trees
Drought Tolerant Plants for New Hampshire Landscapes
This pamphlet provides a list of trees that are not only drought tolerant, but also cold hardy to zone 3 or 4, available locally, and are desirable landscape plants
Dutch urban forestry: a developing profession
Dwarf Apple Trees for Home Gardens
This fact sheet describes the benefits of dwarf apple trees and how to plant and care for them.
E-TRAC: Electronic Tree Risk Assessment Software Tools (webcast)
This webcast, delivered by Donna Murphy, US Forest Service Northeastern Area, introduces this new computerized system for inventory, archiving and prioritization of Risk Trees in a community.
Early Detention and Rapid Response Results in Better Control of Weeds
This factsheet discusses the necessity of early detection and immediate response when trying to control weeds.
Early intervention helps young trees grow old
Eco-logical: An Ecosystem Approach to Developing Infrastructure Projects
Ecoethics in the urban ecosystem: Two factors shape the world - nature and human nature
Discusses the status of environmental education in Canada.
Ecological and aesthetic values in urban forest management
Ecological Renovation In Communities: Conceptual Underpinnings
The places where we live remain connected to natural life support processes. With land development, safety, and cultural issues, these lifelines become more strained. As we cleanse and sterilize our environment, the connections with other life, and associated sustaining processes, diminish. Our interconnections with the ecological framework around us is supplanted by artificial resource concentration and delivery systems.
Ecological Renovation: Assessment Steps For Development Sites
Ecological Restoration: A Selected Bibliography
Ecological restoration is a critical component of addressing urban sites. Community forestry includes a strong management requirement for proper, ecological literate renovation of damaged or exhausted sites. This publication provides an entry into the literature from 1996 and older.
Ecologically Invasive Plants
This factsheet describes the negative effects that introduced plants can have on a local plant community.
Economic Impacts of the Green Industry in the United States
Economic valuation of urban forest benefits in Finland
Ecoplex Form, Structure and Function: Ecological Renovation Targets
Ecoregion-Based Design for Sustainability
Ecosystem Services
Ecosystems and Human Well-being: A Framework for Assessment
Ectomycorrhizal Fungus Inoculations of Established Residential Trees
Educating related disciplines and the impact of a community forest management plan
Educating the Urban Foresters: Proceedings of the 6th European Forum on Urban Forestry, Arnhem, The Netherlands, May 21-23, 2003
Educating urban foresters in Canada: past, present and future
Education in urban forestry - from a Flemish point of view
EEI's Summer 2000 Successes
Wings Initiative, Learn About Programs, and Rainbow Stewards Reach 240 Youth in the Eagle Eye Institutes Summer 2000 successes.
Effect of Plot and Sample Size on Timing and Precision of Urban Forest Assessments
The purpose of this article is to illustrate how plot and sample size of randomly located circular plots in urban areas can affect data collection time, number of permissions needed to access plots, and precision of tree cover and total tree population estimates. This article pertains to UFORE or i-Tree Eco data collection.
Effect of Tree Shelters on Survival, Growth, and Wood Quality of 11 Tree Species Commonly Planted in the Southern United States
Effective Landscaping: Kansas Landscape Plants
Effects of 3 Trunk Support Systems on Growth of Young Pyrus calleryana Trees
Effects of amendments, soil additives, and irrigation on tree survival and growth
"During the first and second year after transplanting into good soil, there was no apparent benefit from adding amendments to the backfill soil around newly planted 5 cm (2 in.) caliper live oaks (Quercus virginiana Mill.), nor was there a benefit from applying liquid additives over the root ball.
Effects of distributed and centralized stormwater best management practices and land cover on urban stream hydrology at the catchment scale
This is a paired watershed research study to compare stormwater management strategy effects, including riparian buffer and tree canopy cover, on urban hydrology.
Effects of Ectomycorrhizal Inoculation at Planting on Growth and Foliage Quality of Tilia Tomentosa
Effects of pruning in the management of dogwood and pine branch dieback in the landscape
Effects of Short-term, High Exposure to Chlorine Gas on Morphology and Physiology of Pinus ponderosa and Pseudotsuga menziesii
Effects of Tree Cover on Parking Lot Microclimate and Vehicle Emissions
"A pilot study was performed to measure the difference in parking lot microclimate resulting from the presence or absence of shade tree cover. Microclimate data from contrasting shade regimes were then used as input to a motor-vehicle emissions model. Model results were used to estimate the potential for regional increases in parking lot tree cover to reduce motor-vehicle hydrocarbon and nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions."
Effects of tree mortality on power line security
Effects of urban tree management and species selection on atmospheric carbon dioxide
Effects of urban trees on regional energy use and avoided carbon
Effects of Urbanization on Forest Biodiversity in Alabama
Efficient Irrigation of Trees and Shrubs
Elastic Limit: Strength Properties of Living Trees
Elements of Sustainability in Urban Forestry
Elm renaissance: a new chance for a beloved American tree
Emeral Ash Borer - What You Need to Know
This DVD/Interactive CD collection provides detailed information on identification, treatment, and prevention of emerald ash borer.
Emerald Ash Borer
A Forestry Research Applications Technical Note from the Canadian Forest Service.
Emerald Ash Borer Locations
US and Canadian locations of Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis) as of September 16, 2010.
Emerald Ash Borer Municipal Preparedness Checklist
This checklist provides a subset of the vast amount of information regarding EAB on the internet and is designed to give municipalities basic, logical steps to prepare themselves for an infestation.
Emerald Ash Borer Toolkit For Wisconsin Communities
This toolkit is a resource for local governments to prepare for and respond to the anticipated arrival of emerald ash borer.
Emerald Ash Borer – A Status Report (Webcast)
Emerald Ash Borer – A Status Report, by Dr. Therese Poland, USDA Forest Service, East Lansing, MI
Emerging Exurbia: A Comparative Analysis of Exurban Settlement Patterns Across the U.S.
Energy balance and transpiration in an urban tree hedgerow in Mexico City
Energy Efficiency Through Trees Act (Discussion Draft)
Alliance or Community Trees (ACT) is working with Congresswoman Matsui (D-CA) to create a program in the Department of Energy (DOE) to help utilities and nonprofit organizations plant shade trees for energy efficiency. Modeled after Sacramento Municipal Utility District's successful partnership with Sacramento Tree Foundation, Rep. Matsui's bill would provide focused support from DOE to plant trees in locations where direct energy savings can be achieved. [from ACT website]
Energy Efficient Landscaping
Energy Saving Landscapes: The Minnesota Homeowner's Guide
A booklet that describes how to save energy by strategically placing trees.
Energy Savings From Tree Shade
An empirical model that describes residential energy consumption with average energy consumption, , behaviors of the occupants, and the extent, density, and timing of shade cast on the structures.
Enfermedades Forestales en México
Identificación, biología y manejo de agentes (269) bióticos y abióticos que afectan los árboles y arbustos forestales en México.
Engaging uninvolved communities in urban forestry: it's about more than trees
Enhancing Delaware Highways: Roadside Vegetation Concept and Planning Manual
Environmental arboriculture, tree ecology and veteran tree management
Environmental equity within Milwaukee's urban forest
Environmental Management Accounting - Purpose and Progress
Environmental Service-Learning
Equity in Urban Forest Management
Ergonomics of the city: green infrastrucure and social benefits
Establishing effective partnerships for managing urban forest wood waste
Establishing partnerships for successful peri-urban afforestation
Estimates of Carbon Dioxide Withheld from the Atmosphere by Urban Hardwood Products
This report provides CO2 equivalents (CO2e) measured in pounds per board foot by major hardwood species found throughout the nation’s urban areas. This information will be very useful to urban forest departments, waste management agencies, state departments of natural resources, and local urban forest product businesses. It provides them with a quick and easy way of calculating both the actual and potential amounts of CO2e that can be contained within urban forest products.
Estimating DBH from Stump Diameter for 15 Southern Species
Regression equations for predicting dbh from tree stump diameter inside and outside bark are presented for 15 southern species.
Estimating Leaning Tree Failures
Estimating the reduction of urban PM10 concentrations by trees within an environmental information system for planners
A process to use a planning model to estimate pollutant removal with urban tree planting.
Estimating visitor occasions and recreational visits at an urban park district
Estimating Weights of Branch Segments
Estimating Wind Forces on Tree Crowns
Evaluating a modified means-end approach as a tool to examine user preferences in urban linear parks
Evaluating Air Quality Effects of Urban Trees - NUCFAC Application
An example application submitted to NUCFAC for the 1995 grant process.
Evaluating the impact of government land use policies on tree canopy coverage
This research looks at the relationship between tree canopy and local ordinances and policy in the Atlanta (GA) region.
Evaluating the influence of design strategies and meteorological factors on tree transpiration in bioretention suspended pavement practices
Research looking at transpiration rates of trees in suspended pavement practices.
Evaluating trees for saltwater spray tolerance for oceanfront sites
Evaluation of elm clones for tolerance to Dutch elm disease
Evaluation of four methods for estimating leaf area of isolated trees
Evaluation of heritage trees for conservation and management in Guangzhou City (China)
Evaluation of Sampling Protocol for i-Tree Eco: A Case Study in Predicting Ecosystem Services at Auburn University
A study of plot sampling intensity from a 100% i-Tree Eco inventory on the Auburn University Campus.
Evaluation Report: NASCC Urban and Community Forestry Train-the-Trainer Sessions
NASCC train-the-trainer workshops for Youth Corps Staff.
Evaluations of Magnolia grandiflora selections in south-central Alabama, U.S
Even a Mile of Forest Makes a Difference in Water Quality
Evolution of municipal urban forestry in the South
Example Tree Risk Specifications for Municipalities and Arborists
An example tree risk assessment specification that adheres to the ANSI A300 (Part 9)-2011 Tree Risk Assessment standard. This example was developed for a presentation at the Georgia Urban Forest Council annual meeting in Madison, Georgia.
Exotic Trees in the United States: Exotic Trees in the United States
Exploring resident preferences for street trees in Melbourne, Australia
Exploring Social Demographic and Social Psychological Bases of Urban Park and Forest Visitation and Outdoor Recreation Characteristics Among Ethnic Minority Populations
Urban ethnic minority groups constitute an important and growing user segment of urban and community parks and forests.
F&C Guide to Carbon Offsetting
A growing number of companies - including F&C - are choosing to offset their carbon emissions. But at the same time, questions are being raised about the intergrity of offsetting schemes.
Fact Sheet #3: Making Parking Lots More Tree Friendly
This factsheet lists planning, design, and maintenance strategies to increase tree cover in parking lots.
Factors related to tree growth across urban-rural gradients in the Midwest, USA
Fall Color Expression (revised)
Conditions leading to best fall colors in trees.
Fall Needle Drop
Brief factsheet for informing the public about the naturally occurring fall needle drop of evergreens.
Fall Tree Color Pigments
Falling Tree Leaves: Leaf Abscission
Feasibility Study: The Urban Forest as a Biogenic Utility
This technology transfer explains the benefits of urban forests in Kent, OH.
Federal U&CF Program Authority
FEMA Urban Forestry Task Team Report: Hurricane Lilli (Draft)
Fertilization of Trees, Shrubs, Vines, and Groundcovers
This publication gives information pertaining to when, where, and how much fertilizers to add to your vegetation.
Fertilizers for Trees and Shrubs
Fertilizer is a routine part of maintenance that improves the leaf size, foliage quality, and flower and fruit production.
Fertilizing Trees
Fertilizer application methods for deciduous and evergreen trees.
Fertilizing Trees and Shrubs
This fact sheet describes why, when, and how to fertilize plants in your landscape.
Fertilizing Trees in the Landscape
Fertilizing Urban Trees
This factsheet contains information on the best commercial formulation of fertilizer for urban areas.
Field assessment of soil factors contributing to sidewalk damage by tree roots
Field Guide to Native Oak Species of Eastern North America
This field guide provides an illustrated reference for identification of eastern oaks and can be used in several ways. Oak identification can be accomplished by utilizing the leaf keys, cross referencing scientific or local common names in the index, verifying similarities between leaf specimens and the illustrated oak leaf reference charts, and comparing descriptions provided for each species.
Field Identification Of Sourwood Oxydendrum arboreum
Sourwood (Oxydendrum arboreum) is a native tree of the deep forest and forest edges. Sun, open well drained soil, and few competitors allow sourwood to thrive.
Fifty Trees of the Midwest
Final Analysis and Recommendations: Feasibility Study of Urban Forest's Economic Value
Investigation of the feasibility of funding urban forest management through the sale of air pollution emission-reduction credits (ERCs).
Fire and restoration of the largest urban forest of the world in Rio de Janeiro City, Brazil
Fire Blight of Apples, Pears, and Other Species
Fire Safe, California!
How to make your home fire safe.
Fire-Resistant Plants for Montana Landscapes
A list of fire-resistant plants and the effects of fire on the soil.
Firewise Plants of Utah Landscapes
Firewood and Insects
This factsheet contains information on insects that are brought into homes with firewood.
Flatheaded Borers On Hardwoods
Flood Damage to Trees
Flood-Tolerance Ranking of Red and Freeman Maple Cultivars
Florida brings urban forestry into the classroom
Florida Grades and Standards (Trees)
Flowering Crabapples
Flowering Crabapples for Maine
This factsheet contains information on flowering crabapples in Maine. It includes tree characteristics along with tree care details.
Forest Buffer Strips: Mapping the Water Quality Benefits
Forest Diseases in Mexico
Identification, biology and management of biotic and abiotic agents (269) that affect trees and shrubs in Mexico's forest and urban areas.
Forest Ecology Map Pack
Forest Insects of Mexico
Life cycle, damage (by category), distribution , and economic importance and management of insects (183) that affect trees and shrubs in Mexico's forest and urban areas.
Forest Inventory and Analysis: Sampling Hexagons
"This fact sheet describes the approach used to locate field plots in the lower 48 states of the U. S. near a regularly spaced array of points and also assign them to a specific measurement year."
Forest monitoring and social media – Complementary data sources for ecosystem surveillance?
Social media mining is an efficient tool to utilize informal information sources
Forest Sustainability along Rural Urban Interfaces
Forestry serving urbanised societies: IUFRO European Regional Conference, in collaboration with EFI
Forestry today...urban forestry
A look at Urban Forestry in 2004
Forestry: A Community Tradition
Forests First: Water Wins! in the Banklick Creek Watershed
This is a handbook for responsible management of forest and water resources.
Forests for the Bay
Forests improve qualities and values of local areas in Denmark
Forests, Water and People: Drinking water supply and forest lands in the Northeast and Midwest United States
This is a research summary based on forests as critically important to the supply of clean drinking water in the Northeast and Midwest portion of the United States.
Foxfire: Bioluminescence in the Forest
Fragile Population Segments in Georgia, USA
Franklin Park: 150 years of changing design, disturbance, and impact on tree growth
Freeway roadside management: the urban forest beyond the white line
Fresh and Pure (PSA)
Ninety second Public Service Announcement on healthy forests in relation to fresh and pure water.
From Forests to Table
Connecting Southeastern Forests to Local/Regional Food Systems
From Sketch to Street: Design for the Urban Forest Part One (DVD Video)
From Sketch to Street: Design for the Urban Forest (Part One)
From slag heap to community forest
Fungicide Sprays Affect Leaf Condition and Tree Appearance of Southern Magnolia
Future directions for urban forestry
Future directions for urban forestry research in the United States
Garden shows: the driving force for landscape management, urban development and industry
GASB 34: urban natural resources as capital assets
Gauging Public Opinion of Urban Trees and the Community Forest
The purpose of this document is to provide some basic questions to include in a survey for the public and for elected officials.
Geometry and orientation aspects in passive cooling of canyon streets with trees
Georgia Model Urban Forest
Georgia Urban Forestry Innovation Award
A description of the Georgia Science & Engineering Fair Special Award for Urban Forestry.
Georgia Urban Forestry Innovation Award: Guidance for selecting a project
A description of the 2014 Georgia Science and Engineering Fair special award in urban forestry.
Georgia’s Native Pines (PINUS): General Information For Identification
Georgia's Tree Ordinances
Georgia: A New Order -- Selected Demographic Trends Impacting Forest Resources Decision-Making
Geospatial Assessment in Support of Urban & Community Forestry Programs
A study initiated to examine the strengths and limitations of existing methods for identifying forest opportunities in urban areas.
Getting into Greenroofs (Webcast)
Greenroofing offers an attractive alternative to the barren deserts of tar, gravel and asphalt usually seen from urban windows.
Getting the Word Out - NUCFAC Application
An example application submitted to NUCFAC for the 1998 grant process.
Ginkgo Seed Collection & Preparation
Ginkgo: Eldest Tree Survivor
GIS Assessment of Munich's Urban Forest Structure for Urban Planning
GIS Tools and Domains for Urban Forestry
A handout for the 10th Southern Forestry and Natural Resource Management GIS Conference, December 7-8, 2015, Georgia Center for Continuing Education, Athens (GA) presentation by Rama Sivakumar and Dudley Hartel.
Give Forests a Hand: Leader Guide
"Give Forests a Hand is a community service learning program that engages groups of youth in explorations and action projects based on trees and forests. This Leader Guide provides adult leaders and teachers with background and facilitation advice as they help youth identify, plan and conduct an action project.
Give Forests a Hand: Youth Action Guide
"Give Forests a Hand is a community service learning program that engages groups of youth in explorations and action projects based on trees and forests. The entire booklet is a 105 page project book for youth. It describes an eight-step process that guides youth through problem identification, the search for more information, prioritizing activities, selecting a project, planning that project, implementing the action, and finally celebrating success.
Give Me the Numbers: How Trees and Urban Forest Systems Really Affect Stormwater Runoff (Presentation Notes)
Presentation notes from presentation given by Aarin Teague and Eric Kuehler at StormCon 2016 Annual Conference in Indianapolis, IN on August 23, 2016.
Give Me the Numbers: How Trees and Urban Forest Systems Really Affect Stormwater Runoff
Presentation given by Aarin Teague and Eric Kuehler at 2016 StormCon Annual Conference in Indianapolis, IN on August 23, 2016
Glossary of Arboricultural Terms English-Spanish/Spanish-English
This is a unique publication with twice the terms included in the 1st edition of 1999; totally revised. Arborists from Argentina, Colombia, Spain, Mexico, Puerto Rico and US worked on this. [IMZ]
Going Green
Good to the Last Drip: How Trees Help To Reduce Pollution
Got Trees? (APA Zoning Practice #7)
Gravel Bed Tree Planting Series - Construction
This document provides instructions for designing, constructing, and maintaining a gravel bed for growing bare-root trees in the South.
Gravel Bed Tree Planting Series – Five-Year Growth Data
This case study documents 5-year diameter growth data of four different tree species out-planted from a gravel bed in Athens, GA.
Gravel Bed Tree Planting Series – Growth Data by Planting Date
Timing of out-planting trees from a gravel bed has been shown to have an impact on diameter growth. Out-planting later in the growing season allows bare-root trees to establish root systems through fall, giving the trees a head start on diameter growth the following growing season compared to trees planted during the winter months.
Gravel Bed Tree Planting Series – Survival Data
This case study documents the rate of survival after 5 years for saplings grown in a gravel bed for 7-15 months and out-planted around Athens, GA.
Green Buffers for Screening and Noise Reduction
A guide for designing and installing vegetation as noise and visual screens.
Green Buffers for Urban Noise Reduction
Green Build-out Model: Project Summary
"The Green Build-out Model is a planning tool that quantifies the cumulative stormwater management benefits of trees and green roofs for different coverage scenarios across the District of Columbia.
Green Infrastructure Opportunities that Arise During Municipal Operations
This document provides approaches local government officials and municipal program managers in small to midsize communities can use to incorporate green infrastructure components into work they are doing in public spaces. The guide demonstrates ways inwhich projects can be modified relatively easily and at a low cost recognizing that municipal resources can be limited.
Green Infrastructure Planning Guidelines for Coastal Georgia
This guide is addressing GI at the landscape scale; with the process for identifying, prioritizing, conserving, and managing systems (e.g. wetlands, riparian zones, natural areas, working farms & forests)
Green Infrastructure: Abstracts from Low Impact Development 2010
Presentation titles and abstracts from the 2010 conference: Redefining Water in The City, Proceedings of the 2010 International Low Impact Development Conference (San Francisco, California)
Green Infrastructure: Linking Landscapes and Communities
Green Jobs- Part I: Adult Workforce Training (Webcast)
The green industry is a $40 billion market and increasing quickly. In many sectors of the green industry, including tree care, there is a job for every trained worker available.
Green laws in three communities
Green Neighborhoods
Planning and design guidelines for air, water, and urban forest quality.
Green Roofs and More: The Urban Ecology Collaborative in Pittsburgh (Webcast)
Green Roofs and More: The Urban Ecology Collaborative in Pittsburgh, with Melanie Tuck, Chatham University & Danielle Crumrine, Executive Director, Friends of the Pittsburgh Urban Forest.
Green Space and Stress: Evidence from Cortisol Measures in Deprived Urban Communities
More green space in deprived urban neighbourhoods in Scotland is linked to lower levels of perceived stress and improved physiological stress .
Green space inventory in the city of Vienna: a BiotopMonitoring system based on remote sensing methods
Green Streets Active Practices Guidelines
Defines required green infrastructure features for Tucson (AZ) roadways
Green Streets: Storm water management system for paved areas
Greening Urban & Community Forestry in the Southern Region: The Role of Partnerships
A PDF file of a presentation at Driving changes in forestry: 2005 National Convention, Fort Worth, TX (October 21, 2005)
Greenway attributes, benefits sought, and values held by greenway users
GreenWorks! is the community action service learning component of PLT, built around action projects that partner educators, students, and the community in an effort to understand, respect, and improve the world around us.
Growing Fruit Trees
This pamphlet describes what fruiting tree varieties are hardy in New Hampshire and states how to protect the tree from pests and diseases.
Growing Spruce Trees in Montana
A detailed overview of options to consider when planting and maintaining spruce trees.
Growing Together with the Treetures: Teacher's Guide, Activity Guide Series 2
Teachers's guide for grades preK-6
Growing with Green: Business Districts and the Urban Forest
Growth Increment Area Increase
Guide to Arizona Desert Shade Trees
Guide to the California Tree Failure Report Form
Guidebook - Forest Management Certification on Private Forestlands in the U.S.
This is a resource for landowners and assistance providers in relation to forest management.
Guideline Specifications for Nursery Tree Quality
Guideline Specifications for Nursery Tree Quality
This document provides specifications for selecting and specifying quality nursery trees in California, with a focus on container stock.
Guidelines for Developing and Evaluating Tree Ordinances
Guidelines for Developing Urban Forest Practice Ordinances
Guidelines for Implementing the Chesapeake Bay Program’s Urban and Community Tree Canopy Goals
Gulf Coast Tree Assessment: 2006 Presentation to ISA (PDF)
Guía para la Persona Educada de Cómo Cosechar Agua de Lluvia (A Waterwise Guide to Rainwater Harvesting - Spanish version)
This pamphlet describes how to capture rainwater and use it for watering between rainfall events.
Handheld Computer Technology (Webcast)
Handheld Computer Technology, with Robert Sacks, Ph.D., Principal, Bluejay Software Associates, East Longmeadow, MA and David Bloniarz, Ph.D., USDA Forest Service, Amherst, MA.
Handheld technologies for urban forestry: inventories, GIS and more
Handling and Planting Container-Grown Trees
Hardiness Zones in China
Hartford’s Urban Forest – The Challenge
This article discusses the current status of Hartford’s urban tree canopy and steps for improvement in the future.
Harvesting Urban Timber: Reclaiming Trees, Reducing Waste
Flyer promoting the use of dead and diseased urban trees as wood products
Hazard rating of parks trees and establishment of adopt-a-tree program, Nacogdoches, Texas
Hazard Tree Assessments: Developing a Species Profile for Western Hemlock
Hazard tree liability in the United States: uncertain risks for owners and professionals
Heading Towards Sustainability- Part II: Community Orchards (Webcast)
Think globally, eat locally. A ready supply of fruit is more than just healthy. Community orchards may be part of the solution to helping reduce our footprint in several ways. For starters, having locally grown food nearby supports the immediate economy, saves a drive to the store, and less fossil fuel is burned. Combine community gardens with homeowners in low-income neighborhoods and you have a community-building, social-network-building, crime-fighting unit on your hands.
Heat Stroke in Trees
Height, Caliper Growth, and Biomass Response of Ten Shade Tree Species to Treeshelters
Herbicide Transport in a Restored Riparian Forest Buffer System
Higher education of urban foresters in Europe: status and prospects
Higher education on urban forestry in Europe: an overview
Highway Safety and Trees: The Delicate Balance
This DVD depicts the importance of trees near roadway systems and the dangers they can present.
History of Southern Arboriculture: Past Lessons For Future Paths
Homeowner's Guide to Safer Trees
Hometown Forests Package
An action kit for kids to promote urban forestry projects in their communities.
Houston East End Students Leverage Environmental Education to Transform an Urban Food Desert into a Food Forest
This case study highlights a 2013 NUCFAC-recommended USDA Forest Service grant, Greenschools!: Model for Green Communities
How a Tree Grows
This pamphlet explains how a tree grows from the leaves, crown, trunk and roots.
How a tree increases home value
How Can Your School Recognize Arbor Day?
Different tree related projects and events for teachers and school administrators to use on Arbor Day.
How Does the City Get What it Wants - Urban Forest-Related Ordinances - Abbey
Buck Abbey's Tuesday afternoon (3:15-5:00 p.m.) presentation at the 2013 UFI
How to Bring 'Nature Explore' to Your Community
Tree City USA Bulletin No.47
How to Conduct a Street Tree Inventory
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 23
How to Conserve Natural Resources on Construction Sites
How to Estimate Future Land Cover in a Watershed (Leaf Out Analysis)
How to Fund Community Forestry
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 34
How to Identify and Control Hypoxylon Cankers of Oaks and Other Hardwoods
Hypoxylon cankers are common throughout the South on oaks and other hardwoods where they normally occur on stressed hosts.
How to Interpret Trees
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 33
How to Kill a Tree
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 14
How to Landscape to Save Water
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 17
How to Manage Community Natural Areas
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 27
How to Plan for Management
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 29
How to Prevent Tree/Sign Conflicts
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 11
How to Protect Tree Roots While Replacing Sidewalks and Curbs
"In 1990, a triple fatality in Toledo, Ohio, was associated with a falling tree whose roots were cut during sidewalk reconstruction. This bulletin describes different techniques that may be used when repairing and replacing sidewalks and curbs to minimize the amount of damage to the tree." This PDF is from a scanned image of the original document. Technology Bulletin #5
How to Protect Trees During Underground Work
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 35
How to Prune Deciduous Landscape Trees
Discusses proper pruning methods, utility conflict management, and wound treatments.
How To Prune Trees
How to Prune Young Shade Trees
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 1
How to Recognize--and Prevent--Hazard Trees
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 15
How to Recycle Shade Tree Materials
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 16
How to Reduce Wildfire Risk
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 41
How to Save Trees During Construction
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 7
How to Select and Plant a Tree
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 19
How to Work With Volunteers--Effectively
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 36
How to Write a Municipal Tree Ordinance
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 9
How Trees Age: Constraints of Size, Resource Control, & Growth
How Trees Can Save Energy
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 21
How Urban Greening Creates Public Health Ecosystem Services: A 40 Year Research Review (webinar)
This 40-minute webcast describes the results of a literature review of public health services provided by trees and nature in cities.
How urban residents rate and rank the benefits and problems associated with trees in cities
How valuable are your trees?
Human dimensions of the urban forest in small city business settings
Hurricanes, Trees & Forests: A Selected Bibliography
I Planted a Tree, Now What Do I Do?
Briefly discusses post-planting maintenance.
I've Got You Covered: The Amount of Pavement Covered by Street Trees
i-Tree - STRATUM Sample Street Tree Inventory - Social Circle, GA
i-Tree Eco Complete Inventory ArcPad Form
This ArcPad Form (used for GPS units running ArcPad) is formatted to be used with the EcoShape conversion tool.
i-Tree Eco Complete Inventory Data Dictionary (for Trimble Software)
This data dictionary (used for GPS units running TerraSync) is formatted to be used with the EcoShape conversion tool.
i-Tree Eco Complete Inventory Feature File (for Solo Forest software)
This feature file (used for GPS units running Solo Forest software) is formatted to be used with the EcoShape conversion tool.
i-Tree Eco Overview
This presentation is designed to give you a brief overview as to what i-Tree Eco (UFORE) does, what type of data to collect, and how to use the results.
i-Tree Eco Project Cost Estimation
This document breaks down the average cost of an i-Tree Eco project.
i-Tree Eco Project Time Estimation
This document breaks down the estimated time it takes to prepare for and conduct an i-Tree Eco project.
i-Tree Eco Reports: What they tell you and how they can be used
This document explains all of the i-Tree Eco (version 4) reports generated for a sample inventory project and provides some general uses for them.
Identification & Silvics of Ginkgo
Identification of drought-tolerant woody perennials using chlorophyll fluorescence
Identification of Lands Important for Protecting Water Quality and Watershed Integrity in the Chesapeake Bay
Identification of Woody Plants with Implanted Microchips
Identified Benefits of Community Trees and Forests
Identify the Asian Longhorned Beetle
30 second Public Service Announcement describes the signs of the Asian longhorned beetle
Identifying Characteristics Of Redbay (Persea borbonia)
Redbay (Persea borbonia) is a unique tree of the lower coastal plain of the southern and southeastern United States. (Figure 1) Redbay has many highly variable characteristics which have caused some historical and modern misidentification.
Identifying high-value greenspace prior to land development
Identifying Live Oak Features
If Trees Could Talk
Impact of the Emerald Ash Borer
This door hanger briefly explains the impact and symptoms of emerald ash borer in Wisconsin.
Impact of the Presence of Trees on the Viability of Shopping Centers and Small Downtowns in the San Jose, CA Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area (PMSA)
A study of the relationship of the urban forest in retail commercial areas with land values and accompanying quality of life attributes.
Impact of urban soil flooding on growth and physiology of oak tree species
Impacts and regulatory advances in managing trees to improve air quality
Impacts of urban greenspace on offsetting carbon emissions for middle Korea
Impervious Surface Reduction: Parking Lot Design
Parking Lot Design is chapter 3 of the Urban Small Sites Best Management Practice Manual and provides design guides for stormwater runoff reduction using vegetation.
Implementation of a citywide monitoring program to base treatment decisions on Elm Leaf Beetle abundance
Implementing and managing urban forests: A much needed conservation strategy to increase ecosystem services and urban wellbeing
This study aims to contribute to the awareness that managing urban forests is a way to provide wellbeing and economic benefits, as other kinds of investments in productive sectors do.
Important Literature On Tree / Turf Culture
Improved estimates of tree-shade effects on residential energy use
The focus of this paper is an improved method for estimating amount and timing of building shading from trees and its effects on cooling and heating energy use. [UMN]
Improved methods for quantifying potential nutrient interception by riparian buffers
Improving visual detection of growth rings of diffuse-porous hardwoods using fluorescence
In the Storm's Wake
Inclusion of Urban Landscape in a Climate Model: How Can Satellite Data Help?
Incorporating AmeriCorps and Recent Grads Into Local Programs (Webcast)
Nonprofit tree groups benefit from low-cost, hard-working staff, while young adults (typically ages 17-24) work on building a team-based life experience and service-learning opportunity.
Incorporating green into urban infrastructure
Indiana Community Tree Selection Guide
This booklet is a user's guide to tree selection and resources for the state of Indiana.
Influence of a park on the surrounding urban thermal environment
Influence of wind loading on root system development and architecture in oak (Quercus robur L.) seedlings
Initiating Fall Leaf Color
Insect and Disease Management Guide for Woody Plants in North Dakota
A guide to insect and disease identification, treatment, and prevention of deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs of the North Dakota region.
Insectos Forestales de México
Ciclo de vida, daño (por categoría), distribución, importancia económica y manejo de 183 insectos que afectan los árboles y arbustos de los bosques y áreas urbanas de México.
Insects and Mites Associated With Shade Trees and Woody Ornamentals
Integrated pest management
Integrated vegetation management on an electric transmission right-of-way in Pennsylvania, U.S
Integrating green infrastructure into urban development in China
Integrating humans into ecology: opportunities and challenges for studying urban ecosystems
Integrating the Social and Physical/Biological Sciences
A description of the Georgia Science & Engineering Fair Special Award for the Social & Biological Sciences.
Interdisciplinary research at the Urban–Rural interface: The West Georgia project
Interference Factors Responsible for Resistance of Forb-Grass Cover Types to Tree Invasion on an Electric Utility Right-of-Way
Internal & External Tree Reactions To Chlorine Gas
International Tree Failure Database - Report Form
Internet URLs for U&CF Journal Abstracts
Introducing Cool Communities
Invasive Alien Plant Species of Virginia
Investigation of the noise reduction provided by tree belts
Investments in Metro Nature Yields Billions of Dollars of Health Care Savings Each Year in the U.S.
This case study highlights a 2011 NUCFAC-recommended USDA Forest Service grant, Urban Forest Human Health and Well-being Benefits: Translating Evidence to Economic Valuation Models
Inviting dialogue with diverse constituents in natural resource policy development, planning, and research
Involvement of women and minorities in the urban forestry profession
The National Urban and Community Forestry Advisory Council (NUCFAC) sponsored this study to learn more about and to increase involvement of women and minorities in urban forestry professions. [UMN]
Iowa, U.S., communities benefit from a tree-planting program: characteristics of recently planted trees
IPM for Gardeners: A Guide to Integrated Pest Management
Iron Chlorosis in Trees
Iron Deficiency Chlorosis on Woody Landscape Plants in Wyoming
Describes the causes of iron deficiency and its symptoms, as well as prevention and control methods.
Irrigation and container type impact red maple (Acer rubrum L.) 5 years after landscape planting
Compares root and canopy growth 5 years after landscape planting from seven different container designs maintained under two different irrigation schemes. [UMN]
Irrigation and Container Type Impact Red Maple 5 Years After Landscape Planting
Irrigation Basics: A Guide to Smart Water Use
This New Mexico pamphlet describes the process of converting your irrigation system after a water friendly xeriscape has been created.
Is all your rain going down the drain?
Is Impervious Cover Still Important? A Review of Recent Research
A presentation at the 2nd Symposium on Urbanization and Stream Ecology, May 2008.
A worksheet that incorporates ANSI A300 Part 9 Scope of Work requirements and field data collection for Level 1 tree risk assessments.
Isoprene emission capacity for US tree species
It's a neighborhood now: practicing forestry at the urban fringe
Japanese Barberry
Japanese Honeysuckle Lonicera japonica Honeysuckle Family (Caprifoliaceae)
This information sheet describes the methods necessary to remove this invasive plant in Connecticut.
Jonesboro (AR) Greenway
Journal of Arboriculture - A Compendium - Volume 1: Construction Damage to Trees
This volume contains articles on construction damage to trees.
Journal of Arboriculture - A Compendium - Volume 2: Integrated Pest Management
This volume contains information on integrated pest management.
Journal of Arboriculture - A Compendium - Volume 3: Amenity Tree Fertilization
This volume contains information on amenity tree fertilization.
Journal of Arboriculture - A Compendium - Volume 4: Wounds on Trees
This volume contains information in relation to wounds on trees.
Journal of Arboriculture - A Compendium - Volume 5: Tree Growth Retardation
This volume contains information on tree growth retardation.
Journal of Arboriculture - A Compendium - Volume 6: Social Aspects of Urban Forestry
This volume contains information on the social aspects of urban forestry.
Keeping up the urban forest: Predictors of tree maintenance in small southern towns in the United States
The purpose of this study is to analyze predictors of successful tree maintenance programs among Southern U.S. towns.
Lac Balsam as a treatment to hasten wound closure and minimize discoloration and decay
Land development pressure on peri-urban forests: A case study in the Regional Municipality of York
Land Development Provisions To Protect Georgia Water Quality
Land Development, Human Land Use, and Urban Sprawl in Puerto Rico - An Island-wide Approach from Geotechnologies
Land use, scale, and bird distributions in the Phoenix metropolitan area
Landscape Aesthetics (AH 701-a) - Introduction
Landscape Aesthetics (AH 701-b) - Landscape Character (Chapter 1)
Landscape Aesthetics (AH 701-c) - Scenic Integrity (Chapter 2)
Landscape Aesthetics (AH 701-d) - Constituent Information (Chapter 3)
Landscape Aesthetics (AH 701-e) - Landscape Visibility (Chapter 4)
Landscape Aesthetics (AH 701-f) - Scenery Management System Application (Chapter 5)
Landscape Aesthetics (AH 701-g) - Terminology (Appendix A)
Landscape Aesthetics (AH 701-h) - Legislation and Directives (Appendix B)
Landscape Aesthetics (AH 701-i) - Visual Absorption Capability (Appendix C)
Landscape Aesthetics (AH 701-j) - Viewer Platform Design (Appendix D)
Landscape Aesthetics (AH 701-k) - Existing Scenic Integrity Inventory (Appendix E)
Landscape Aesthetics (AH 701-l) - Recreation Opportunity Spectrum (Appendix F)
Landscape Aesthetics (AH 701-m) - Background and History (Appendix G)
Landscape Aesthetics (AH 701-n) - Examples of Scenic Integrity Levels (Appendix H)
Landscape Aesthetics (AH 701-o) - Case Study (Appendix I)
Landscape Aesthetics (AH 701-p) - Glossary
Landscape Aesthetics (AH 701-q) - Bibliography
Landscape Aesthetics (AH-701)
Landscape changes of Rome through tree-lined roads
Landscape Patterns of Exurban Growth in the USA from 1980 to 2020
Landscape planning and stress
Landscape Plants for the Arizona Desert: Guide to Growing More Than 200 Low-Water-Use Plants
Landscape Plants for Vermont
Landscape Tree Appraisal
Landscapes & Calcium Hypochlorite
Landscaping and Utilities: Problems, Prevention, and Plant Selection
Discusses possible shrub and tree conflicts with below and above ground utilities, along with ways to prevent such problems.
Landscaping: Fertilizing Trees and Shrubs
Describes when and how much to fertilize landscape trees and shrubs.
Landscaping: Recommended Trees for Wyoming
Describes how to select the site and species for trees in Wyoming
Large Trees for Kentucky Landscapes
Large-Scale Land Transformations in China Estimated with Satellite Data: Urbanization and its Potential Consequences
Las Plagas Comunes de Los Árboles Urbanos de Puerto Rico
Este manual se promover el manejo integrado de plagas (MIP) para mantener saludables los árboles de sombra y ornamentales en las áreas urbanos de Puerto Rico.
Latin Pronunciation Demystified
A short primer on the use of scientific Latin.
Leaf and Stem Feeding Aphids
Basic description of leaf and stem feeding aphids, their life cycle, damage, and management options.
Leaf Area Density as an urban forestry planning and management tool
Leaf miners of cultivated plants on urban areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Leaf phenology in 22 North American tree species during the 21st century
Discusses a model developed to predict tree species leaf out under two climate change scenarios. An illustration of research use of phenological event data.
Leaf Senescence & Abscission (revised)
Formation process and associated leaf fall in development of fall leaf color in trees.
Leaf Spot Disease of Trees and Shrubs
This factsheet describes the general life cycle, symptoms, hosts, and control methods of fungi that cause leaf spot.
LEAF Summit - UCF Focus Perspective and Human Health
USDA FS national approach to interpreting and using urban forest research (the national technology & science delivery team) – with trees and human health as the focus.
Leaf Yellowing and Early Leaf Drop on Shade Trees
Lean & Green: A Simple Guide to Water-Wise Lawn Care
This New Mexico pamphlet describes the options available to reduce water use on your backyard lawn.
Learning from Social Networks: A Study in Landowner Decision Making (Webcast)
This webcast featured David B. Kittredge, PhD, Professor and Extension Forester at the University of Massachusetts/Amherst
Leaves of Change
A quarterly publication of the Centers for Urban and Interface Forestry (CUIF).
LEED for Neighborhood Development
Legal backgrounds of urban forestry in Turkey
Lessons learned in the inner city
Let's Stop Salt Damage
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 32
Level 1 Tree Risk Assessment Field Worksheet
An example worksheet for collecting Level 1 tree risk data based on ANSI A300 Part 9 and the ISA BMP.
Light and atmospheric pollution affect photosynthesis of street trees in urban environments
Lightning Talk: Understanding Error Matrices (Accuracy Assessment)
Brief presentation (slides) on accuracy assessment for landcover classifications
Lilac/Ash Borer Management of Hardwood Borers of Trunks and Large Branches
Basic description of the lilac/ash borer, its life cycle, damage, and management options.
Linkages in the use of recreation environments across the urban to ex-urban spectrum by urban residents
Linked Landscapes: Creating greenway corridors through conservation subdivision design strategies in the northeastern and central United States
Linking Girls to the Land
Linking Landscapes and Communities (PDF)
A PDF version of a presentation to the green infrastructure committee (City of Edmond, Oklahoma) which is comprised of citizens, elected officials, city department heads, and staff. The presentations was part of a workshop to initiate the Green Infrastructure process in the city.
Littleleaf Disease on Loblolly Pine: A Selected Bibliography
Littleleaf Disease On Loblolly Pine: Symptom Outline
Live Oak: Pillars of a Nation
Living with Urban Soils
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 5
Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda) and Drought: A Selected Bibliography
Local Government Urban Forestry Toolkit (ICMA)
Long-term changes in indigenous vegetation preserved in urban areas
Long-Term Community Recovery and Mitigation
Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris) Pests: A Selected Bibliography
LOST (poster)
This poster (imitating a reward poster that might be seen for a lost pet in a neighborhood) promotes the benefits of urban trees and the city of Seattle’s reLeaf program, which provides citizens with resources and information about reducing the loss of trees in local neighborhoods, tree care, selection and maintenance.
Lot Size Regulations and Water Quality Protection: The Case for Large Lots in Rural Areas
Low Impact Development (LID) and Other Green Design Strategies
Low-Impact Development Hydrologic Analysis
Lower Midwest Community Tree Guide: Benefits, Costs, and Strategic Planting
This report quantifies benefits and costs for representative small, medium, and large deciduous trees in the Lower Midwest region.
Lunar Rhythms In Forestry Traditions – Lunar-Correlated Phenomena In Tree Biology And Wood Properties
Lunar rhythms in trees: traditional knowledge under a new scientific light: a contribution to an exchange at higher levels between public and urban foresters
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Black Spruce
Fact sheet describing the black spruce tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: American Basswood
Fact sheet describing the American basswood tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: American Beech
Fact sheet describing the American beech tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: American Chestnut
Fact sheet describing the American chestnut tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: American Elm
Fact sheet describing the American elm.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: American Sycamore
Fact sheet describing the American Sycamore.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Balsam Fir
Fact sheet describing the balsam fir tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Balsam Poplar
Fact sheet describing the balsam poplar.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Black Cherry
Fact sheet describing the black cherry tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Black Locust
Fact sheet describing the black locust tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Black Tupelo
Fact sheet describing the black tupelo tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Black Willow
Fact sheet describing the black willow tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Boxelder
Fact sheet describing the boxelder tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Eastern Cottonwood
Fact sheet describing the Eastern cottonwood tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Eastern redcedar
Fact sheet describing the Eastern redcedar tree
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Gray Birch
Fact sheet describing the gray birch tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Hawthorn
Fact sheet describing the hawthorn tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Hemlock
A fact sheet describing the hemlock tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Honeylocust
Fact sheet describing the honeylocust tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Hophornbeam
Fact sheet describing the hophornbeam tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Horsechestnut
Fact sheet describing the horsechestnut tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Jack Pine
Fact sheet describing the jack pine tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Northern White Cedar
Fact sheet describing the Northern white cedar tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Pin Cherry
Fact sheet describing the pin cherry tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Pitch Pine
Fact sheet about the pitch pine tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Quaking Aspen
Fact sheet describing the quaking aspen tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Red Maple
Fact sheet describing the red maple tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Red Oak
Fact sheet describing the red oak tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Red Pine
Fact sheet about the red pine tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Red Spruce
A fact sheet describing the red spruce tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Scotch Pine
Fact sheet describing the scotch pine tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Shagbark Hickory
Fact sheet describing the shagbark hickory.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Silver Maple
Fact sheet describing the silver maple tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Slippery Elm
Fact sheet describing the slippery elm tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Striped Maple
Fact sheet describing the striped maple tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Sugar Maple
Fact sheet describing the sugar maple tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: Tuliptree
Fact sheet describing the tuliptree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: White Birch
Fact sheet describing the white birch tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: White Oak
Fact sheet describing the white oak tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: White Pine
A factsheet on the white pine tree.
Maine Tree Species Fact Sheet: White Spruce
A fact sheet describing the white spruce tree.
Make Your Land More Appealing to Wild Birds: Maintain Native Plants!
This fact sheet describes how landowners and land managers can increase the suitability of urban and suburban areas, i.e. yards and parks, as habitat for native birds (focus on ground and shrub nesting species).
Making Our Urban Forests Safer
Management of urban trees in Spain: status of Spanish arboriculture
Management styles and knowledge cultures, past, present and future, related to multiple-use and urban woodlands
Managing Light Resources In Tree / Turf Culture
Managing Natural Resources: A Guide for Municipal Commissions
This publication serves as a guide for municipalities on the planning and management of street trees, parks, and open space as important community assets.
Managing Ornamental Pear Cultivars
Managing Stormwater for Urban Sustainability Using Trees and Structural Soils
A new space-saving infiltration BMP that mitigates runoff from paved areas
Managing the Forests Where We Live: An Assessment of Washington State Cities
An assessment of the urban forestry programs of Washington state citieswas done by the University of Washington.
Managing the urban forest: better do nothing!
Managing Urban Forest Fear/Safety and Vegetation/Privacy
This study documents the importance of privacy as a desiredoutcome from visiting an urban forest.
Managing urban open spaces for naturalness: Preferences of Chicago Housing Authority children
"This study examines the preferences of inner city children for urban open spaces that are managed at different levels of naturalness." [p.64]
Managing urban parks for a racially and ethnically diverse clientele
Managing Wet Weather With Green Infrastructure - Water Quality Scorecard
The two main goals of this tool are to: (1) help communities protect water quality by identifying ways to reduce the amount of stormwater flows in a community and (2) educate stakeholders on the wide range of policies and regulations that have water quality implications.
Mapping Forest Hurricane Damage Using Automated Feature Extraction
Mapping variable-width streamside management zones for water quality protection
Marketing & Communications- Part I: Marketing 101 (Webcast)
In the commercial business world of selling hamburgers, long-distance phone services, and other consumer goods, the most common definition of marketing is: product, price, and distribution.
Marketing & Communications- Part II: Strategy & Public Relations (Webcast)
Nonprofit marketing can be thought of as exchanges of one value for another.
Marketing & Communications- Part III: Building & Positioning Your Brand (Webcast)
Pretty brochures, zippy websites, and catchy slogans can be effective, but only when part of a coordinated marketing effort. After all, the goal of marketing your urban forestry program is to achieve real results.
Marketing & Communications- Part IV: Advertising & Promoting Tree Events (Webcast)
Urban forestry groups face very specific challenges in getting public recognition: the use of jargon-heavy technical language, limited budgets, and the reality that less than 7% of all donated dollars are contributed to environmental causes.
Marketing the urban forest: an art of persuasion
Discusses the use of persuasive techniques and words in marketing urban forestry. [UMN]
Maryland and Massachusetts Street Tree Monitoring Pilot Projects
Maryland's Green Infrastructure Assessment
Mayaguez City tree ordinance as a model for urban forest management
Measurement and prediction of tree growth reduction from tree planting space design in established parking lots
Measuring rural homeowners’ willingness to pay for land conservation easements
Mechanistic Simulation Of Tree Effects In An Urban Water Balance Model
This paper describes the UFORE hydrology model.
Memo to Region 8 U&CF Coordinators: FIA and Urban Forest Inventories
Memo to Region 8 U&CF Coordinators: Summary of FIA Briefings
Method for Calculating Carbon Sequestration by Trees in Urban and Suburban Settings
"This document presents a method for calculating the amount of carbon sequestered by trees planted individually in urban and suburban settings. It is intended for use by participants in the Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program, who intend to submit either Form EIA- 1605 or EIA-1605EZ to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Energy Information Administration. This simplified method can be used by those who have no formal background in forestry.
Method for Calculating Carbon Sequestration by Trees in Urban and Suburban Settings
Midwest Community Tree Guide: Benefits, Costs, and Strategic Planting
Minimizing the Impact of Catastrophic Events
Spring 2008 issue of Leaves of Change, a quarterly bulletin of the U. S. Forest Service - Centers for Urban and Interface Forestry.
Minnesota Conservation Volunteer - E.A.B. Alert: A Guide to the Emerald Ash Borer
There is big trouble for ash trees. This is a 12 page informational guide on EAB.
Minnesota EAB Community Preparedness Manual
Guide to preparing for and managing emerald ash borer at the city/town level
Minnesota Forest Pest First Detector Manual
Booklet describing key information necessary for identifying emerald ash borer, gypsy moth, Asian longhorned beetle, Sirex woodwasp, and thousand cankers disease of walnut.
Minority Outreach Guide: Urban and Community Forestry
Mississippi Homeowner’s Guide: Working with Trees Affected by Hurricane Katrina
Mississippi Trees
A comprehensive guide to the common trees of Mississippi.
Mississippi Urban and Community Forestry Management Manual
Missouri urban forest: a ten-year comparison
Mistletoe (Phoradendron serotinum) Infection In Trees
Mitigating New York City’s Heat Island with Urban Forestry, Living Roofs, and Light Surfaces
Mitigating New York City’s Heat Island with Urban Forestry, Living Roofs, and Light Surfaces
Mitigating urban heat islands: a role for conservation easements
Modelling recreational visits to forests and nature areas
Moisture Stress: What Does That Mean for Trees?
A brief description of how and why moisture stress occurs in trees and ways to prevent it.
Monitoring Forest Health
Promotional materials for the Missouri Forestkeepers Network
Mulch and planting depth affect live oak (Quercus virginiana mill.) establishment
"This study was designed to evaluate the impact of several planting depths and mulch depth, particle size, and placement on tree establishment.
Mulches for Your Garden
Discusses the benefits of mulch and proper application techniques.
Mulching for Healthier Landscape Plants
This publication describes various types of mulch, their application, and the benefits to trees.
Multiple benefits of large, undeveloped tracts in urbanized landscapes: a North Carolina example
Municipal Code Libraries (On-line)
Municipal Forest Benefits and Costs in Five US Cities
Municipal Forestry Annual Expenditures Survey (Region 8)
Municipal tree management in New Jersey
Municipal Tree Management in the United States: A 1994 Report
Survey results and studies on municipal tree programs.
My Ash Tree is Dead...Now What Do I Do?
NASF Urban Forest Health Monitoring Resolution
[This is] "the NASF Resolution on Urban Forest Health Monitoring that was approved at the annual meeting in Jackson.
National Park(ing) Day
National Response Plan
National urban forest cover mapping
National Urban Forest Health Monitoring Pilot Program
National Urban Forest Health Monitoring: Draft Field Manual
Field manual developed in Wisconsin for the pilot urban FHM projects.
Native Pine ( PINUS) Species Ranges in Georgia
Native Plant Guide for Streams and Stormwater Facilities in Northeastern Illinois
Descriptions and illustrations of native species suitable for use along streams and in stormwater detension basins
Native Tree Range In Georgia: Oxydendrum arboreum - Sourwood
Map of sourwood tree's native growing range in Georgia. Native tree range area is located in all counties on the arrow side of the lines.
Native Trees of Georgia
Georgia’s forests are home to approximately 250 species of trees. Native Trees of Georgia describes 92 of them.
Natural Inquirer: Urban Forest Edition (Vol 6 No 1)
Naturalistic Landscaping
Nature Experiences: Readings and References on Human Benefits
This factsheet includes a detailed list of readings and references pertaining to the ways trees contribute to human health and well being.
Nature in cities: A report and review of studies and experiments concerning ecology, wildlife and nature conservation in urban and suburban areas
Nature Play Design Guidelines Support Growing Natural Interest in Connecting Children with Nature
This case study highlights a 2011 NUCFAC-recommended USDA Forest Service grant, The Natural Play and Learning Areas National Guidelines Project.
Navigating, Browsing & Searching at Urban Forestry South Expo
Nearby Nature in the City: Preserving and Enhancing Livability
A booklet describing ways in which nature is experienced and the psychological and social benefits that come from seeing it, being in it, and exploring it.
Nebraska Forest Service Storm Damage Series
Neighbor Law: Fences, Trees, Boundaries & Noise
Neighborhood Greenness and 2-Year Changes in Body Mass Index of Children and Youth
This study finds that greenness is inversely related to the body mass index of children. These findings support the exploration of the promotion and preservation of greenspace within neighborhoods as a means of addressing childhood obesity.
NeighborWoods Month 101 (Webcast)
National NeighborWoods Month is a united campaign to celebrate trees and raise awareness for the value of urban forests.
NeighbourWoods for Better Cities: Tools for developing multifunctional community woodlands in Europe
NeighbourWoods: Identifying good practice in the design of urban woodlands
Neutral Plane Faults & Stem Strength
New approaches in the evaluation of highway design to avoid and minimize impacts on trees
New approaches to planting trees in urban areas
New directions for transmission line ROW management in New York state
New Growth Increments Sustain Stem Strength
New Papers on Nitrogen Fertilization of Trees: A Selected Bibliography
New Products Showcase - Planning the Urban Forest: Ecology, Economy, and Community Development (webcast)
This webcast highlights the book developed by the American Planning Association, American Forests, the International Society of Arboriculture, and the U.S. Forest Service.
New Products Showcase – Maryland Tree Registry & Tree Benefits Calculator (webcast)
This webcast describes the new interactive, web-based tools developed by the Maryland DNR and its partners.
New Products Showcase – Road to a Thoughtful Street Tree Master Plan (webcast)
This webcast provides an overview of the new book called "The Road to a Thoughtful Street Tree Master Plan."
New Products Showcase – Tree Owner’s Manual (webcast)
This webcast features the newly released U.S. Forest Service publication, "Tree Owner’s Manual."
New York City, New York - Municipal Forest Resource Analysis
This analysis combines results of a citywide street tree census with benefit–cost modeling data to produce four types of information on the city-managed street tree resource, namely forest structure, function, value, and management needs.
Newborn, GA: STRATUM Complete Street Tree Inventory
Niches in the urban forest: organizations and their role in acquiring metropolitan open space
Non vocational qualifications (NVQ): a lost opportunity
Non-destructive techniques for detecting decay in standing trees
Non-market economic valuation in developing countries: Role of participant observation method in CVM analysis
North Dakota Native Trees and Shrubs
A list of native trees and shrubs of North Dakota.
Northeast Community Tree Guide: Benefits, Costs, and Strategic Planting
This report quantifies benefits and costs for small, medium, and large deciduous trees and one coniferous tree in the Northeast region: the species chosen as representative are Kwanzan cherry, red maple, Japanese zelkova, and eastern white pine, respectively (see “Common and Scientific Names” section). The analysis describes “yard” trees (those planted in residential sites) and “public trees” (those planted on streets or in parks).
Norway Maple - Acer Platanoides
This article describes the origins of the Norway maple and its effects on the forest and urban landscape.
Notes from Hurricane Andrew
Oak Wilt: People and Trees A Community Approach to Management
Occurrence of tree roots in Danish municipal sewer systems
Off-Centered Cavity Impact on Stem Strength
Offsetting emissions: A business brief on the voluntary carbon market
Global carbon markets have doubled in size over the past year. Current estimates place regulated markets at US$21.5 billion and voluntary markets at about US$100 million for the first three quarters of 2006. And the prospects for continued growth in carbon markets are strong.
Oglethorpe Oak: Sunset of a Species
Ohio Windbreak Guide
Old Cities/Green Cities: Communities Transform Unmanaged Land
This publication focuses on greening the city of Philadelphia.
One two tree
Open Space Communities
Resident Perceptions, Nature Benefits, and Problems with Terminology
Operating a Nursery, Community Garden, or Arboretum (Webcast)
Operating a nursery, community garden, or small arboretum can enhance your organization's programming and, in some cases, provide unrestricted revenue to support your mission. Establishing and sustaining such an operation requires substantial commitment. Learn more about the challenges of site management, the business assumptions that sustain operations, and how these sites are used to enhance public education and outreach.
Organizing Workprograms for High School Students (Webcast)
High school work programs are a great opportunity for youth leadership through environmental education and job training.
Osage-orange (Maclura pomifera): An American Traveler
Our Heritage of Community Trees
Background on the history of trees in cities and towns.
Our Heritage of Community Trees
This booklet explains the history of urban forestry.
Out in the country: sprawl and the quest for nature nearby
The purpose of this study is to examine what living “out in the country” and being closer to “nature” mean to individuals who decide to live in new commuter-based subdivisions.
Park Access and Environmental Equity
Many newly transplanted Latinos living in older parts of towns in the South, do not have access to parks. This is an important issue for urban foresters, park managers, and city planners since urban parks may be the only natural resource available to newly settled lower income residents who may not own cars or have access to good public transportation.
Parking and trees in cities and towns: Legal and design approaches
This presentation was given at the Georgia Urban Forest Council annual conference in 2005 by Kathleen Wolf. It demonstrates parking lot design to include trees and provides local ordinance language to help guide businesses in developing good, tree-landscaped parking areas.
Parking Lot Shade
This is the final report on a study to determine the amount of VOC reduction from parking lot shade (i.e. parked vehicles) in Illinois (US).
Parking Lot Tree Shading Design and Maintenance Guidelines
Particulate pollution capture by urban trees: effect of species and windspeed
Partnership opportunities in neighborhood tree planting initiatives: building from local knowledge
Partnerships in urban forestry: cities and nonprofit tree planting organizations
Patterns of Storm Injury and Tree Response
Payments for environmental services: Some nuts and bolts
Peak Power and Cooling Energy Savings of Shade Trees
Performance-Based Methodology for Allocating Urban & Community Forestry Program Funds
Pest Checklist For Live Oak
Pest Matrix for Georgia’s Native Pines
Pest Review Bibliography For Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda)
Pests of Ornamental Pears
PHC - What it Means to You
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 37
Philadelphia: "The Holy Experiment"
A documentary about the restoration and growth of the city of Philadelphia.
Phosphites: Improving Tree Health & Defenses Against Ramorum Blight
Physiological responses of red maple (Acer rubrum) and southern red oak (Quercus falcata) to elevated carbon dioxide
Physiology and developmental biology of root impedance
Piedmont Community Tree Guide: Benefits, Costs, and Strategic Planting
"This report quantifies benefits and costs for large, medium, and small broadleaf trees and one coniferous tree in the Piedmont region: the species chosen as representative are red maple (Acer rubrum), Southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora), dogwood (Cornus florida), and loblolly pine (Pinus taeda), respectively.
Pigment Palette (revised)
The tree pigments responsible for fall coloration.
Pilot Inventory of FIA Plots Traditionally Called 'Nonforest'
Pilot Test: Statewide Urban Forest Assessment (Indiana's Urban Forest)
Pinus clausa: sand pine
Pinus echinata shortleaf pine
Pinus elliottii slash pine
Pinus glabra spruce pine
Pinus palustris: longleaf pine
Pinus pungens table mountain pine
Pinus rigida: pitch pine
Pinus serotina: pond pine
Pinus strobus: Eastern white pine
Pinus taeda loblolly pine
Pinus virginiana Virginia pine
Place, time and city trees
The author discusses the "role played by urban trees - as important contributors to creating particular places - and their equally important role in connecting us to annual life cycles and the linear passage of time..." [UMN]
Placing a Value on Trees
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 28
Planning and Design Guidelines
For air, water and urban forest quality in neighborhood development.
Planning for the Community Forest in South Carolina
Planning of urban landscapes in Spain: "La Ciudad Universitaria" in Madrid: a case study
Planning Your Way to the Best Urban Forest (Webcast)
For local public policymakers responsible for decisions affecting urbanization, the problem is not solely about getting the city or a developer to plant more trees, but rather one of balancing gray and green infrastructure.
Plant Health Care (PHC): Growing Healthier Trees from the Ground Up for a Sustainable Future
Plant Health Care and the Diagnostic Process
This 8 step process identifies the proper approach when assessing trees on a clients land.
Plant the Right Tree in the Right Place (South FL)
A guide to help homeowners in south Florida select appropriate tree planting locations relative to overhead and underground utilities. The mature tree must have enough space away from power lines and in an area large enough to accommodate the canopy and root system.
Plant the Right Tree in the Right Place (North FL)
A guide to help homeowners in north and central Florida select appropriate tree planting locations relative to overhead and underground utilities. The mature tree must have enough space away from power lines and in an area large enough to accommodate the canopy and root system.
Plant Trees for America (brochure)
Tree brochure to support The Arbor Day Foundation with Arbor Day and tree planting information.
Plant Trees for America!
Tree City USA Bulletin No. 10
Planting a Balled and Burlapped Tree
"Balled and burlapped trees are an excellent way to obtain trees that are large enough to provide a visual impact, yet small enough for homeowners to plant themselves."
Planting a Bare-root Tree
This fact sheet describes when to plant, how to prepare the site before planting, and how to care for your bare-root tree after planting.
Planting a Container Tree
Planting a Tree
A four page guide on necessary steps before and after planting a tree.
Planting a Tree With a Tree Moving Machine
Planting Native Trees & Shrubs for Healthy Watersheds: A How-to Book for Community Groups
Planting Ornamental Trees and Shrubs
Planting specification for trees
Discusses site preparation, planting, mulching and watering which are essential for successfully establishing trees.
Planting Strategies for Energy Conservation
Flyer describing how to strategically place trees to reduce energy costs.
Planting Trees and Shrubs for Long-term Health
Plants for Stormwater Design: Species Selection for the Upper Midwest
Detailed descriptions of plants and their use in stormwater management practices
Plants Save Money...Reduce Energy Consumption
Pollution mitigation and carbon sequestration by an urban forest
Polyethylene Plastic Wrap for Tree Wounds: A Promoter of Wound Closure on Fresh Wounds
Population Growth, Urban Expansion, and Private Forestry in Western Oregon
Positively the Pits - Successful Strategies for Sustainable Streetscapes
Streetscape planting considerations
Post-Construction Storm Water Management in New Development & Redevelopment: Urban Forestry
Post-Construction Storm Water Management in New Development & Redevelopment: Open Space Design
Post-Construction Storm Water Management in New Development & Redevelopment: Conservation Easements
Potential Allelopathy In Different Tree Species
Potential energy savings in buildings by an urban tree planting programme in California
Pottstown Shade Tree Program
Power Line Compatible Tree and Shrub Selections
List of small to medium height trees and shrubs able to grow in the North Dakota climate.
Powerful greenspace marketing: more people, more results
Precisely planting the right tree in the right place
Predictive Equations for Estimating Street Tree Dimensions and Leaf Area in Glendale, Arizona
Predictive Open-grown Crown Width Equations for Three Oak Species Planted in a Southern Urban Locale
Development of DBH/crown models from i-Tree Eco data on the Auburn University Campus.
Preliminary findings from measuring street tree shoot growth in two skeletal soil installations compared to tree lawn plantings
Preparing for Emerald Ash Borer
This is a front page article about the research, planning, and prevention of an emerald ash borer infestation in Wisconsin.
Preparing for Storms: Essential Resources (PDF)
Preserving trees in construction projects: identifying incentives and barriers
Preserving Trees in Construction Sites
Preserving trees of the U.S. Capitol
Prevención de lesiones por el uso de motosierras durante la remoción de árboles después de un huracán
Tenga en cuenta el riesgo de lesiones al usar motosierras durante la remoción de árboles
Preventing Chain Saw Injuries During Tree Removal after a Hurricane
Preventing Construction Damage to Municipal Trees
A manual to help point the way toward a more peacefull coexistence of the urban forest and the rest of the urban infrastructure.
Preventing Stem Girdling Roots (VHS Video)
Private Forestlands and Community Planning
Probability of Damage to Sidewalks and Curbs by Street Trees in the Tropics
Problems Associated With Tree / Turf Culture
Proceedings of the 5th annual Caribbean Urban Forestry Conference, St. Croix, Virgin Islands, May 22-25, 2000
Proceedings of the 5th Southern Forestry and Natural Resources GIS Conference
Project BudBurst
Learn how you can become a citizen scientist as you watch flowers and trees bloom & leaf.
Project Summary: Urban Forest Effects (UFORE) Model
Projected Urban Growth (2000–2050) and Its Estimated Impact on the US Forest Resource
Promoting ecosystem and human health in urban areas using Green Infrastructure: A literature review
An interdisciplinary literature review of the concepts of Green Infrastructure, ecosystem health, and human health.
Proper Tree Planting and Pruning (DVD)
8-minute video describing the problems associated with tree topping and the benefits of properly pruning a tree
Proposal For Urban Forest Health Monitoring in The United States
Proposed Release of Three Parasitoids for the Biological Control of Emerald Ash Borer in the Continental United States
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Animal and Plant HealthInspection Service (APHIS) and Forest Service (FS) are proposing torelease three insect parasitoid species for the biological control(biocontrol) of the nonindigenous emerald ash borer (EAB) (Agrilusplanipennis). This environmental assessment (EA) has been prepared,consistent with USDA, APHIS' National Environmental Policy Act(NEPA) implementing procedures (Title 7 of the Code of FederalRegulations (CFR), part 372). It examines the potential effects on thequality of the human environment that may be associated with the releaseof these biocontrol agents to control infestations of EAB within thecontinental United States. This EA considers the potential effects of theproposed action and its alternatives, including no action.